Foodscape: Central Harlem

by NYC Food Policy Editor

Central Harlem Foodscape

Manhattan Community District 10

About Foodscapes

Access to affordable and nutritious food is one of the cornerstones of good health. Without this, individuals—and communities—are at a higher risk of food insecurity and serious chronic diseases, including obesity, diabetes, and heart disease. To improve the health of New Yorkers, we must recognize that each neighborhood has a distinct food environment.

Purpose

These Foodscape reports provide a community-level snapshot of a community’s food environment, including data on healthy and unhealthy food consumption, food access, and diet-related diseases. Additionally, the reports detail a comprehensive guide of the many food-related resources available to residents within their neighborhoods to support them in eating healthier. The Hunter College New York City Food Policy Center has compiled this information from various sources, presenting it in a user-friendly format to help NYC residents and communities better understand their local foodscapes.

The NYC Foodscape Reports were published in 2020 and are continually updated every six months. Data in the Foodscape Reports is collected from multiple primary sources to ensure the most up-to-date statistics for each indicator. Learn more about organizations and resources highlighted in the Foodscape Reports by visiting the Center’s Neighborhood Food Resource Guides as well as the Food Policy and Practice Database. Together, these three resources provide a comprehensive food-related guide to each New York City neighborhood. 

Zip codes include: 10026, 10027, 10030, 10037, 10039

TABLE OF CONTENTS:

DEMOGRAPHICS:

  • Total Population: 130,440 (1.4% of NYC population) (1)
  • Population by Race and Ethnicity of Central Harlem and New York City (2)
    • Central Harlem: 23% Latino | NYC: 29% Latino
    • Central Harlem: 62% Black | NYC: 22% Black
    • Central Harlem: 9% White | NYC: 32% White
    • Central Harlem: 3% Asian/Pacific Islander | NYC: 15% Asian
    • Central Harlem: 3% Other | NYC: 2% Other
  • Central Harlem Population by Age: (3)
    • 0-17 years: 21%
    • 18-24 years: 10%
    • 25-44 years: 35%
    • 45-64 years: 24%
    • 65+ years: 11%
  • Life Expectancy
    • Central Harlem: 76.9 years (2) | NYC: 82.1 years (2)
  • Born Outside the US: 
    • Central Harlem: 23% (2) | NYC: 37% (2)

NEIGHBORHOOD ACCESS TO HEALTHY FOOD:

  • Supermarket to Bodega Ratio: One (1) supermarket in Central Harlem to 11 bodegas (2)
  • Meal Gap (# of meals needed per year for food security): 6,300,973 (2)
  • Food Insecurity
    • Central Harlem: 25.7% of residents (2)| NYC: 15.4% of residents (2)
  • Residences that Lack a Kitchen: 
    • Central Harlem: 1% of housing units (2)| NYC: 0.8% (2)
  • Households Receiving SNAP Benefits: 
    • Central Harlem: 22.7% of households (2)| NYC: 21% of households (2)

HEALTH BEHAVIOR:

  • No Fruits and Vegetables Yesterday: 
    • Central Harlem: 16% of adults (2) | NYC: 12.9% of adults (2)
  • One or More 12-ounce Sugary Drinks Per Day (percent of adults): 
    • Central Harlem: 29% (2) | NYC: 23% (2)
  • No Physical Activity in the Last 30 Days:
    • Central Harlem: 27% of adults (2) | NYC: 27.1% of adults (2)

HEALTH AND DISEASE STATUS:

  • Adults Reporting Their Own Health as “Excellent,” “Very Good” or “Good” (percent of adults): 
    • Central Harlem: 79% (2) | NYC: 78% (2)
  • Obesity (percent of adults): 
    • Central Harlem: 34% (2) | NYC: 24% (2)
  •  Childhood Obesity (percent of public school children in grades K through 8): 
    • Central Harlem: 21% (3) | NYC: 20% (3)
  • Diabetes (percent of adults): 
    • Central Harlem: 12% (2) | NYC: 11% (2)
  • Hypertension (percent of adults): 
    • Central Harlem: 35% (3) | NYC: 28% (3)

ECONOMIC AND LIVING-CONDITION STRESS, CONTRIBUTORS TO FOOD INSECURITY:

  • Median Household Income
    • Central Harlem: $47,341 (2) | NYC: $60,879 (2)
  • Poverty (percent of households with incomes below poverty): 
    • Central Harlem: 21% (2) | NYC: 19.7% (2)
  • Unemployment (percent of people ages 16 and older): 
    • Central Harlem: 6.1% (2) | NYC: 4.5% (2)
  • Extreme Housing Burden (percent of renters): 
    • Central Harlem: 23.7% (2) | NYC: 29.5% (2)

EXERCISE AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY BURDEN

  • Air Pollution (micrograms of fine particulate matter per cubic meter): 
    • Central Harlem: 7.9 (2) | New York City-wide: 7.5 (2)
  • Bicycle Network Coverage (percent of streets with bike lanes): 
    • Central Harlem: 14% (3) | New York City-wide: 10% (3)
  • Pedestrian Injury Hospitalizations (per 100,000 people): 
    • Central Harlem: 32 (3) | New York City-wide: 23 (3)
  • Any Physical Activity in the Past 30 Days (percent of adults): 
    • Central Harlem: 73% (3) | New York City-wide: 73% (3)
  • Percentage of Land Used for Public Parks, Open Space, and Recreation:
    • Central Harlem: 9.3% (2) | New York City-wide: 24.7% (2)

CENTRAL HARLEM COMMUNITY GARDENS: 

CENTRAL HARLEM GREENTHUMB GARDENS:

There are over 600 GreenThumb community gardens across the city, and any resident can join a garden. Find the most up-to-date list of gardens using GreenThumb’s searchable Garden Map. (4)  

  • Hendrix Street Block Association Garden: 532 Hendrix St
  • East Side Outside Community Garden: 415 E 11th St
  • Fantasy Garden: 181 Legion St
  • Amboy Street Garden: 208 Amboy St
  • Farmers Garden: 1901 Bergen St
  • Abib Newborn: 495 Osborn St
  • West 104th Street Garden: 8 W 104th St
  • Harlem Rose Garden: 8 E 129th St
  • Euclid / Pine Street Block Association Garden: 1308 Dumont Ave
  • La Casita Verde Community Garden: 451 Bedford Ave
  • New 123rd Street Block Association Community Garden: 116 W 123rd St
  • George Washington Carver Botanical Garden: 109-19 156th St
  • Spencer Street Community Garden: 230A Spencer St
  • 117th Street Community Garden: 172 E 117th St
  • Jacquline Denise Davis Garden: 586 E 165th St
  • Green Space at President Street: 222 5th Ave
  • A Patch of Inspiration: 631 Powell St
  • First Quincy Street Community Garden: 397-401 Quincy St
  • Rainbow Block Association: 379 E 159th St
  • Herb Garden (formerly 111th St. Betterment Assoc.): 176 E 111th St
  • Lefferts Place Block Association Garden: 162 Lefferts Pl
  • The William Rainey Garden: 685 Beck St
  • Brownsville Community Farm (James McKeather): 239 Herzl St
  • Herbal Garden of East New York: 281 Schenck Ave
  • Discovery Community Garden 1: 108-56 Union Hall St

CENTRAL HARLEM SCHOOL GARDENS:

  • PS 194 Countee Cullen: 244 W 144 St
  • PS 185 The Locke School of Arts and Engineering (prev The Early Childhood Discovery and Design Magnet School): 20 W 112 St
  • The Mickey Mantle School: 811M@149: 415 W 150th St
  • Neighborhood Charter School of Harlem: 132 W 124 St
  • HS 415 Wadleigh Secondary School for the Performing & Visual Arts: 215 W 114 St
  • Future Leaders Institute Charter School: 134 W 122 St
  • PS 046 Arthur Tappan: 2987 Frederick Dgls Blvd
  • PS 125 Ralph Bunche: 425 W 123 St
  • PS 036 Margaret Douglas: 123 Morningside Drive
  • Sisulu-Walker Charter School of Harlem: 125 W 115 St
  • HS 499 Frederick Douglass Academy: 113 E 4th St
  • PS 318 Thurgood Marshall Academy Lower School: 276 W 151St St
  • New York French American Charter School: 185 Wadsworth Ave
  • PS 133 Fred R Moore: 2121 5 Ave
  • PS 197 John B. Russwurm: 2230 5 Ave
  • PS 208 : 21 W 111 St
  • Harlem Link Charter School: 20 W 112 St
  • PS 175 Henry H Garnet: 175 W 134 St
  • PS 362 Columbia Secondary School: 425 W 123 St
  • IS 286 Urban Assembly Academy for Future Leaders: 509 W 129 St
  • PS 517 Teachers College Community School: 168 Morningside Ave
  • PS/MS 161 Pedro Albizu Campos: 499 W 133 St
  • PS 180 Hugo Newman: 370 W 120 St
  • CS 154 Harriet Tubman: 250 W 127 St
  • Promise Academy 1 Upper: 345 E 15th St

CENTRAL HARLEM FARMERS’ MARKETS: 

Data is updated on a continuous basis in collaboration with the Hunter College NYC Food Policy Center’s Neighborhood Food Resource Guides

Many farmers’ markets accept cash, SNAP/EBT, debit/credit, WIC and Senior FMNP coupons. They may also offer Health Bucks for EBT users — for every $5 spent in EBT, customers receive a $2 Health Buck coupon to purchase additional fruits and vegetables

CENTRAL HARLEM OFFICIAL SNAP ENROLLMENT SITES IN NYC – HUMAN RESOURCES ASSOCIATION (HRA):

Data is updated on a continuous basis in collaboration with the Hunter College NYC Food Policy Center’s Neighborhood Food Resource Guides.

*It is possible to apply for SNAP benefits online at https://www.ny.gov/services/apply-snap

CENTRAL HARLEM PANTRIES AND SOUP KITCHENS:

Data is updated on a continuous basis in collaboration with the Hunter College NYC Food Policy Center’s Neighborhood Food Resource Guides.

*Food pantry and soup kitchen hours subject to change, and requirements may be needed to register for food pantries. Call a specific location for more information before going for the first time. 

CENTRAL HARLEM RETAIL FOOD STORES:

Data is updated on a continuous basis in collaboration with the Hunter College NYC Food Policy Center’s Neighborhood Food Resource Guides. This list below includes all retail food stores within the neighborhood from the New York State Retail Food Store Open Data and a Google Maps Places API search with keyword search terms “bakery, convenience store, deli, food, grocery, supermarket.”

  • Columbia 1 Market
    20 Old Broadway 10027, (646) 226-5744
  • Columbia Deli & Grill
    1348 Amsterdam Ave 10027, (646) 490-6383
  • Morningside Deli
    256 Manhattan Ave 10026, (646) 476-2461
  • Alzyadi Deli
    2175 Adam Clayton Powell Jr Blvd, New York 10027,
  • Bahamas Deli Market
    3137 Broadway 10027, (212) 222-8001
  • Key Food Supermarket
    592 Malcolm X Blvd 10037, (212) 926-5470
  • 7th Avenue Deli & Grocery Corp
    2594 Adam Clayton Powell Jr Blvd 10039,
  • Pioneer Supermarkets
    380 Malcolm X Blvd 10027, (212) 427-4615
  • Rite Aid
    2170 Frederick Douglass Blvd 10026, (212) 666-3013
  • NYC Lucky Discount
    110 W 145th St 10039,
  • 292 American Deli
    52 W 125th St 10027, (646) 609-3712
  • Douglas 99 Cents
    2701 Frederick Douglass Blvd 10030, (212) 690-0380
  • Harlem Empire Deli
    251G W 135th St 10030,
  • Durga Deeb Fruits and Vegetables Food Vendor
    521 Malcolm X Blvd 10037, (646) 912-9135
  • Azal's Deli
    2480 Frederick Douglass Blvd #1 10027, (212) 234-2727
  • Ralph & Nash Deli Market
    352 W 116th St 10026, (212) 666-4508
  • Lenox Gourmet Deli & Grocery
    217 Malcolm X Blvd 10027, (212) 222-3314
  • Durga Deeb Fruits and Vegetables Food Vendor
    1318 5th Ave 10026, (646) 410-0487
  • USA Deli Grocery Store
    180 Lenox Ave 10026, (212) 410-7195
  • Lenox Saphire Harlem
    341 Lenox Ave 10027, (212) 866-9700
  • 101 Lenox Deli & Grill
    101 Lenox Ave 10026, (646) 370-3397
  • Yuca Mexican Products
    1349 Amsterdam Ave 10027, (212) 280-8585
  • 135th St Deli & Grocery
    266 W 135th St 10030, (212) 926-2349
  • Key Food Harlem
    421 W 125th St 10027, (212) 749-0200
  • Rite Aid
    35-45 W 125th St 10027, (212) 828-1772
  • Harlem Shambles
    2141 Frederick Douglass Blvd 10026, (646) 476-4650
  • Maria Gourmet Deli
    1974 Adam Clayton Powell Jr Blvd 10026,
  • 121 Convenience Deli
    121 W 116th St 10026, (646) 524-5728
  • Fine Fare Supermarket
    37 Malcolm X Blvd 10026, (212) 222-2211
  • Dollar Tree
    280 St Nicholas Ave 10027, (212) 497-3937
  • Best Market Harlem
    2187 Frederick Douglass Blvd 10026,
  • Sea & Sea
    310 St Nicholas Ave 10027, (646) 476-5569
  • 5th Avenue Gourmet Deli
    2289 5th Ave #1 10037, (212) 862-7207
  • Gourmet Deli & Grill
    665 Lenox Ave, Store 2 & 3 10037, (646) 421-9579
  • Duane Reade
    568 W 125th St 10027, (212) 865-3894
  • 128 Edgecombe Deli
    128 Edgecombe Ave 10030, (212) 926-9371
  • Olive Tree Deli
    3060 Broadway 10027, (212) 749-4200
  • Altragraica Groceries
    2077 Adam Clayton Powell Jr Blvd 10027,
  • Sea & Sea Fish Market
    60-62 W 116th St 10026, (212) 828-0851
  • Farmers Gourmet Deli
    172 W 124th St 10027,
  • Yummy Foods Deli
    2445 Frederick Douglas Blvd 10027, (917) 261-6839
  • G & M Fresh Grill Deli
    2121 Frederick Douglass Blvd 10026,
  • Manhattanville Gourmet Deli
    1477 Amsterdam Ave 10027,
  • Adam 1 Food Center
    2657 Frederick Douglas Blvd 10030, (212) 862-2657
  • Jenny Food
    2026 7th Ave 10027, (212) 222-1403
  • Omega Gourmet Deli
    353 W 125th St 10027, (212) 316-3354
  • CVS
    130 Malcolm X Blvd 10026, (212) 348-2199
  • 639 Express Deli Food
    639 Malcolm X Blvd 10037, (917) 261-5674
  • Nene African Market
    363 Malcolm X Blvd 10027,
  • Super Foodtown of Bradhurst
    300 W 145th St 10039, (212) 281-3158
  • CVS
    115 W 125th St 10027, (212) 864-5431
  • Central Park Organic Deli & Grocery
    9 W 110th St 10026, (646) 964-4126
  • St. Nicholas Deli
    285 St Nicholas Ave 10027, (212) 866-3354
  • JL Grocery & Tobacco
    621a Malcolm X Blvd 10037,
  • Whole Foods Market
    100 W 125th St 10027, (212) 678-1940
  • Lex King Deli Inc
    40 St Nicholas Ave 10026,
  • Appletree Market
    1225 Amsterdam Ave 10027, (212) 865-8840
  • Pioneer Supermarkets
    2541 Adam Clayton Powell Jr Blvd 10039, (212) 862-0239
  • Mini Market Davia
    2363 Adam Clayton Powell Jr Blvd 10030,
  • Greenland Deli and Grocery
    418 Lenox Ave 10037,
  • La Deli
    2572 Adam Clayton Powell Jr Blvd 10039, (917) 388-2585
  • El Patio Deli
    2082 Madison Ave 10037,
  • Foodtown of Frederick Douglas Blvd
    2463 Frederick Douglass Blvd at W 132nd St 10027, (212) 368-7052
  • Harlem Valley Farms
    212 W 133rd St 10030, (347) 815-3276
  • Daru Salam
    117 W 116th St 10026, (646) 596-9607
  • Domingo's Grocery
    2591 8th Ave 10030, (212) 283-8400
  • Sugar Hill Fish Place
    346 W 145th St 10039, (646) 692-3939
  • LM Grocery
    2643 8th Ave 10030, (212) 690-3600
  • Evergreen Organic Food & Deli
    2709 W 144th St 10030, (212) 690-1300
  • Key Food Supermarket
    2630 Frederick Douglass Blvd 10030, (212) 283-5000
  • 148 Deli Grocery Inc
    2787 Frederick Douglass Blvd 10039, (212) 368-4917
  • Family Community Deli
    41 St Nicholas Terrace 10027, (212) 865-5900
  • Foodtown of Morningside Heights
    1316 Amsterdam Ave 10027, (212) 662-1644
  • Duane Reade
    300 W 135th St 10030, (212) 491-6015
  • Thrifty Deli Supermarket
    3149 Broadway 10027, (212) 865-0321
  • New Way Gourmet Deli
    1902 Adam Clayton Powell Jr Blvd 10026,
  • Manhattan Food Market
    507 Manhattan Ave 10027, (212) 663-2263
  • CVS
    288 St Nicholas Ave 10027, (212) 222-0966
  • Manhattanville Deli Gourmet
    1437 Amsterdam Ave 10027,
  • Associated Fresh Market of 7th Avenue
    2444 Adam Clayton Powell Jr Blvd 10030, (212) 281-0060

PARKS IN CENTRAL HARLEM:

FOOD POLICY ORGANIZATIONS IN CENTRAL HARLEM:

Data is updated on a continuous basis in collaboration with the Hunter College NYC Food Policy Center’s Food Policy Organization Directory

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES:

REFERENCES:

  1. “Data2Go: Central Harlem.” data2go.Nyc, Measure of America of the Social Science Research Council and Helmsley Charitable Trust, https://data2go.nyc/map/?id=111*36047015900*meal_gap_puma!undefined!ns*!other_pop_cd_506~ahdi_puma_1~sch_enrol_cd_112~age_pyramid_male_85_plus_cd_20~median_household_income_puma_397~median_personal_earnings_puma_400~dis_y_perc_puma_102~poverty_ceo_cd_417~unemployment_cd_408~pre_k_cd_107!*air_qual_cd~ahdi_puma*family_homeless_cd_245#12/40.8086/-73.9294.
  2. Hinterland, K, et al. “Community Health Profiles 2018, Manhattan Community District 10: Central Harlem.” Community Health Profiles 2018, Manhattan Community District 10: Central Harlem, 2018, pp. 1–20.
  3. “Green Thumb Garden Map.” NYC Parks, https://greenthumb.nycgovparks.org/gardensearch.php

Article Image: “New York City (NYC) Neighborhood Maps – By Borough – Manhattan.” NYCdata, Baruch College Zicklin School of Business, https://www.baruch.cuny.edu/nycdata/population-geography/maps-boroughs.htm.

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