Foodscape: Central Harlem

by NYC Food Policy Editor

Central Harlem Foodscape

About Foodscapes

Access to affordable and nutritious food is one of the cornerstones of good health. Without this, individuals—and communities—are at a higher risk of food insecurity and serious chronic diseases, including obesity, diabetes, and heart disease. To improve the health of New Yorkers, we must recognize that each neighborhood has a distinct food environment.

Purpose

These Foodscape reports provide a community-level snapshot of a community’s food environment, including data on healthy and unhealthy food consumption, food access, and diet-related diseases. Additionally, the reports detail a comprehensive guide of the many food-related resources available to residents within their neighborhoods to support them in eating healthier. The Hunter College New York City Food Policy Center has compiled this information from various sources, presenting it in a user-friendly format to help NYC residents and communities better understand their local foodscapes.

Zip codes include: 10026, 10027, 10030, 10037, 10039

TABLE OF CONTENTS:

DEMOGRAPHICS:

  • Total Population: 116,345 (1.4% of NYC population) (1)
  • Population by Race and Ethnicity of Central Harlem and New York City (1)
    • Central Harlem: 23% Latino | NYC: 29% Latino
    • Central Harlem: 62% Black | NYC: 22% Black
    • Central Harlem: 9% White | NYC: 32% White
    • Central Harlem: 3% Asian/Pacific Islander | NYC: 15% Asian
    • Central Harlem: 3% Other | NYC: 2% Other
  • Central Harlem Population by Age: (1)
    • 0-17 years: 21%
    • 18-24 years: 10%
    • 25-44 years: 35%
    • 45-64 years: 24%
    • 65+ years: 11%
  • Life Expectancy
    • Central Harlem: 78 years (2) | NYC: 82.1 years (2)
  • Born Outside the US: 
    • Central Harlem: 23% (1) | NYC: 37% (1)

NEIGHBORHOOD ACCESS TO HEALTHY FOOD:

  • Supermarket to Bodega Ratio: One (1) supermarket in Central Harlem to 11 bodegas (1)
  • Meal Gap (# of meals needed per year for food security): 6,300,973 (2)
  • Food Insecurity
    • Central Harlem: 25.7% of residents (2)| NYC: 15.4% of residents (2)
  • Residences that Lack a Kitchen: 
    • Central Harlem: 1% of housing units (2)| NYC: 0.8% (2)
  • Households Receiving SNAP Benefits: 
    • Central Harlem: 23.4% of households (2)| NYC: 21% of households (2)
  • Walking Distance to Fresh Fruits and Vegetables: (4)
    • 5 minutes or less: 52% (Compared to 49% New York City-wide)
    • 5-10 minutes: 18% (Compared to 18% New York City-wide)
    • 10 minutes or more: 30% (Compared to 32% New York City-wide)

FOOD CONSUMPTION:

  • At Least One Serving of Fruits or Vegetables Per Day (percent of adults): 
    • Central Harlem: 84% (1) | NYC: 87% (1)
  • No Fruits and Vegetables Yesterday: 
    • Central Harlem: 16% of adults (2) | NYC: 12.9% of adults (2)
  • One or More 12-ounce Sugary Drinks Per Day (percent of adults): 
    • Central Harlem: 29% (1) | NYC: 23% (1)

HEALTH AND DISEASE STATUS:

  • Adults Reporting Their Own Health as “Excellent,” “Very Good” or “Good” (percent of adults): 
    • Central Harlem: 79% (1) | NYC: 78% (1)
  • Obesity (percent of adults): 
    • Central Harlem: 34% (1) | NYC: 24% (1)
  •  Childhood Obesity (percent of public school children in grades K through 8): 
    • Central Harlem: 21% (1) | NYC: 20% (1)
  • Diabetes (percent of adults): 
    • Central Harlem: 12% (1) | NYC: 11% (1)
  • Hypertension (percent of adults): 
    • Central Harlem: 35% (1) | NYC: 28% (1)

ECONOMIC AND LIVING-CONDITION STRESS, CONTRIBUTORS TO FOOD INSECURITY:

  • Median Household Income
    • Central Harlem: $49,806 (2) | NYC: $63,132 (2)
  • Poverty (percent of households with incomes below poverty): 
    • Central Harlem: 21% (1) | NYC: 19.7% (2)
  • Unemployment (percent of people ages 16 and older): 
    • Central Harlem: 12% (1) | NYC: 4.5% (2)
  • Extreme Housing Burden (percent of renters): 
    • Central Harlem: 24.7% (2) | NYC: 29.5% (2)

EXERCISE AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY BURDEN

  • Air Pollution (micrograms of fine particulate matter per cubic meter): 
    • Central Harlem: 7.9 (1) | New York City-wide: 7.5 (1)
  • Bicycle Network Coverage (percent of streets with bike lanes): 
    • Central Harlem: 14% (1) | New York City-wide: 10% (1)
  • Pedestrian Injury Hospitalizations (per 100,000 people): 
    • Central Harlem: 32 (1) | New York City-wide: 23 (1)
  • Any Physical Activity in the Past 30 Days (percent of adults): 
    • Central Harlem: 73% (1) | New York City-wide: 73% (1)

CENTRAL HARLEM SUMMER MEALS: 

To ensure everyone has access to nutritious meals, the Department of Education’s Meal Hubs were created in response to COVID-19 and have expanded service to all children and adults across the five boroughs. Sites serve grab-and-go meal service for adults and children and no one is turned away. No registration or identification is required.

During the summer of 2020, over 400 Meal Hubs operated from 7:30am-11:30am for children and families and 11:30am-1:30pm for adults. Starting September 29, 200 Meal Hubs continue to provide grab-and-go meal service for all New Yorkers on Monday-Friday between 3-5pm.

Please check the DOE website for updates and search for Free Meals at the select public school buildings here or text “NYCFOOD” or “COMIDA” to 877-877.

CENTRAL HARLEM COMMUNITY GARDENS: 

CENTRAL HARLEM GREENTHUMB GARDENS:

There are over 600 GreenThumb community gardens across the city, and any resident can join a garden. Find the most up-to-date list of gardens using GreenThumb’s searchable Garden Map. (5)  

  • Electric Ladybug Garden: 237 W 111th St
  • Joseph Daniel Wilson Memorial Gardens: 219 W 122nd St
  • Harlem Valley Garden: 197 W 134th St
  • Harlem Grown 134th Street Green House: 126 W 134th St
  • Harlem Village Green: 54 W 129th St
  • Harlem Grown 134th Street Farm: 116 W 134th St
  • Luigi's Garden of Love: 227 W 115th St
  • Our Little Green Acre (Garden Eight): 277 W 122nd St
  • Edward P. Bowman Park: 52 W 129th St
  • 133rd Swing Street Garden: 155 W 133rd St
  • New 123rd Street Block Association Community Garden: 116 W 123rd St
  • Robert L. Clinkscales Playground and Community Garden (C.G. of West 146th St.): 234 W 146th St
  • Clayton Williams Garden: 303 W 126th St
  • NYCHA - Saint Nicholas - Love Garden: 230 W 129 St
  • Walter Miller III Memorial Garden (La Casa Frela): 13 W 119th St
  • Garden of Love: 302 W 116th St
  • Harlem Grown 131st Street Farm: 34 W 131st St
  • Bradhurst Gardens Association (Garden of Love): 321 W 152nd St
  • West 132nd Street Garden: 108-114 W 132nd St
  • Our Neighborhood Place - Abyssinian Development Corp.: 77 W 127th St
  • Carrie McCracken TRUCE Garden: 145 St Nicholas Ave
  • Unity Park: 55 W 128th St
  • Harlem Grown P.S. 125 Community Garden: 425 W 123rd St
  • Elizabeth Langley Memorial Garden: 121-123 W 137th St
  • Rev. Linnette C. Williamson Memorial Park: 65-67 W 128th St

CENTRAL HARLEM SCHOOL GARDENS:

  • Alain L. Locke Magnet School for Environmental Leadership: 21 W 111th St (between 5th & Lenox Ave)
  • Columbia Secondary School for Math, Science, and Engineering: 425 W 123rd St (between Amsterdam & Morningside Ave)
  • Charter 702 Sisulu-Walker Charter School of Harlem: 125 W 115th St
  • PS/MS 161 Pedro Albizu Campos: 499 W 133rd St
  • PS 318 Thurgood Marshall Academy Lower School: 276 W 151st St
  • Harlem Link Charter School: 20 W 112th St
  • PS 362 Columbia Secondary School: 425 W 123rd St
  • PS 197 John B. Russwurm: 2230 5th Ave
  • PS 76 Garden of Perseverance Community Garden: 203 W 120th St
  • Charter 999 Promise Academy 1 Upper: 245 W 129th St
  • PS 175 Henry High Garnet: 175 W 134th St (between Adam Clayton Powell Jr Blvd & Lenox Ave)
  • HS 685 Bread & Roses Integrated Arts High School: 6 Edgecombe Ave
  • PS 125 Ralph Bunche: 425 W 123rd St
  • PS 133 Fred R Moore: 2121 5th Ave
  • PS 185 The Locke School of Arts and Engineering (prev The Early Childhood Discovery and Design Magnet School): 20 W 112nd St
  • PS 194 Countee Cullen: 244 W 144th St
  • PS 208 : 21 W 111th St
  • PS 811 The Mickey Mantle School: 811M@149: 34 W 118th St 
  • Charter 242 Future Leaders Institute Charter School: 134 W 122nd St
  • PS 36 Margaret Douglas: 123 Morningside Dr
  • Neighborhood Charter School of Harlem: 132 W 124th St
  • HS 415 Wadleigh Secondary School for the Performing & Visual Arts: 215 W 114th St
  • PS 517 Teachers College Community School: 168 Morningside Ave
  • PS 180 Hugo Newman: 370 W 120th St
  • HS 499 Frederick Douglass Academy: 2581 7th Ave
  • PS/IS 180 Hugo Newman College Prep: 370 W 120th St (between Morningside & Manhattan Ave)
  • Charter 483 New York French American Charter School: 311 W 120th St
  • CS 154 Harriet Tubman: 250 W 127th St
  • IS 286 Urban Assembly Academy for Future Leaders: 509 W 129th St

CENTRAL HARLEM FARMERS’ MARKETS: 

To ensure the below farmers’ markets are open, please call or check the listed websites for the most up-to-date information.

Many farmers’ markets accept cash, SNAP/EBT, debit/credit, WIC and Senior FMNP coupons. They may also offer Health Bucks for EBT users — for every $5 spent in EBT, customers receive a $2 Health Buck coupon to purchase additional fruits and vegetables. For an updated list of farmers’ markets near you (including days/hours of operation) visit nyc.gov/health and search “farmers markets” or text “SoGood” to 877-877.

CENTRAL HARLEM OFFICIAL SNAP ENROLLMENT SITES IN NYC – HUMAN RESOURCES ASSOCIATION (HRA):

Data is updated on a continuous basis in collaboration with the Hunter College NYC Food Policy Center’s Neighborhood Food Resource Guides.

*It is possible to apply for SNAP benefits online at https://www.ny.gov/services/apply-snap

CENTRAL HARLEM PANTRIES AND SOUP KITCHENS:

Data is updated on a continuous basis in collaboration with the Hunter College NYC Food Policy Center’s Neighborhood Food Resource Guides.

*Food pantry and soup kitchen hours subject to change, and requirements may be needed to register for food pantries. Call a specific location for more information before going for the first time. 

CENTRAL HARLEM RETAIL FOOD STORES:

*This list below includes all retail food stores from a Google Maps Places API search with keyword search terms “bakery, cafe, convenience store, deli, food, grocery, supermarket.” 

Data is updated on a continuous basis in collaboration with the Hunter College NYC Food Policy Center’s Neighborhood Food Resource Guides.

  • Sugar Hill Fish Place
    346 W 145th St 10039, (646) 692-3939
  • Alzyadi Deli
    2175 Adam Clayton Powell Jr Blvd, New York 10027, (212) 316-4165
  • Pioneer Supermarkets
    380 Malcolm X Blvd 10027, (212) 427-4615
  • Lex King Deli Inc
    40 St Nicholas Ave 10026,
  • 292 American Deli
    52 W 125th St 10027, (646) 609-3712
  • 135th St Deli & Grocery
    266 W 135th St 10030, (212) 926-2349
  • St. Nicholas Deli
    285 St Nicholas Ave 10027, (212) 866-3354
  • Sea & Sea Fish Market
    60-62 W 116th St 10026, (212) 828-0851
  • Harlem Valley Farms
    212 W 133rd St 10030, (347) 815-3276
  • Adam 1 Food Center
    2657 Frederick Douglas Blvd 10030, (212) 862-2657
  • Key Food Supermarket
    2630 Frederick Douglass Blvd 10030, (212) 283-5000
  • Key Food Harlem
    421 W 125th St 10027, (212) 749-0200
  • Pioneer Supermarkets
    2541 Adam Clayton Powell Jr Blvd 10039, (212) 862-0239
  • Dollar Tree
    280 St Nicholas Ave 10027, (212) 497-3937
  • Manhattan Food Market
    507 Manhattan Ave 10027, (212) 663-2263
  • New Way Gourmet Deli
    1902 Adam Clayton Powell Jr Blvd 10026,
  • JL Grocery & Tobacco
    621a Malcolm X Blvd 10037,
  • Olive Tree Deli
    3060 Broadway 10027, (212) 749-4200
  • Domingo's Grocery
    2591 8th Ave 10030, (212) 283-8400
  • Harlem Empire Deli
    251G W 135th St 10030,
  • 128 Edgecombe Deli
    128 Edgecombe Ave 10030, (212) 926-9371
  • Daru Salam
    117 W 116th St 10026, (646) 596-9607
  • Appletree Market
    1225 Amsterdam Ave 10027, (212) 865-8840
  • Thrifty Deli Supermarket
    3149 Broadway 10027, (212) 865-0321
  • Rite Aid
    35-45 W 125th St 10027, (212) 828-1772
  • CVS
    288 St Nicholas Ave 10027, (212) 222-0966
  • Lenox Saphire Harlem
    341 Lenox Ave 10027, (212) 866-9700
  • Gourmet Deli & Grill
    665 Lenox Ave, Store 2 & 3 10037, (212) 368-5351, (646) 421-9579
  • Foodtown of Frederick Douglas Blvd
    2463 Frederick Douglass Blvd at W 132nd St 10027, (212) 368-7052
  • Whole Foods Market
    100 W 125th St 10027, (212) 678-1940
  • Best Market Harlem
    2187 Frederick Douglass Blvd 10026, (212) 377-2300
  • Nene African Market
    363 Malcolm X Blvd 10027,
  • Duane Reade
    568 W 125th St 10027, (212) 865-3894
  • Columbia Deli & Grill
    1348 Amsterdam Ave 10027, (646) 490-6383
  • 5th Avenue Gourmet Deli
    2289 5th Ave #1 10037, (212) 862-7207
  • CVS
    130 Malcolm X Blvd 10026, (212) 348-2199
  • USA Deli Grocery Store
    180 Lenox Ave 10026, (212) 410-7195
  • Central Park Organic Deli & Grocery
    9 W 110th St 10026, (646) 964-4126
  • Maria Gourmet Deli
    1974 Adam Clayton Powell Jr Blvd 10026,
  • Duane Reade
    300 W 135th St 10030, (212) 491-6015
  • El Patio Deli
    2082 Madison Ave 10037,
  • Family Community Deli
    41 St Nicholas Terrace 10027, (212) 865-5900
  • Super Foodtown of Bradhurst
    300 W 145th St 10039, (212) 281-3158
  • Foodtown of Morningside Heights
    1316 Amsterdam Ave 10027, (212) 662-1644
  • Evergreen Organic Food & Deli
    2709 W 144th St 10030, (212) 690-1300
  • Sea & Sea
    310 St Nicholas Ave 10027, (646) 476-5569
  • Ralph & Nash Deli Market
    352 W 116th St 10026, (212) 666-4508
  • Key Food Supermarket
    592 Malcolm X Blvd 10037, (212) 926-5470
  • CVS
    115 W 125th St 10027, (212) 864-5431
  • Durga Deeb Fruits and Vegetables Food Vendor
    521 Malcolm X Blvd 10037, (646) 912-9135
  • Columbia 1 Market
    20 Old Broadway 10027, (646) 226-5744
  • Associated Fresh Market of 7th Avenue
    2444 Adam Clayton Powell Jr Blvd 10030, (212) 281-0060
  • Manhattanville Deli Gourmet
    1437 Amsterdam Ave 10027,
  • LM Grocery
    2643 8th Ave 10030, (212) 690-3600
  • Fine Fare Supermarket
    37 Malcolm X Blvd 10026, (212) 222-2211
  • G & M Fresh Grill Deli
    2121 Frederick Douglass Blvd 10026,
  • Durga Deeb Fruits and Vegetables Food Vendor
    1318 5th Ave 10026, (646) 410-0487
  • Manhattanville Gourmet Deli
    1477 Amsterdam Ave 10027, (917) 507-4934
  • Bahamas Deli Market
    3137 Broadway 10027, (212) 222-8001
  • Morningside Deli
    256 Manhattan Ave 10026, (646) 476-2461
  • Farmers Gourmet Deli
    172 W 124th St 10027,
  • Jenny Food
    2026 7th Ave 10027, (212) 222-1403
  • Douglas 99 Cents
    2701 Frederick Douglass Blvd 10030, (212) 690-0380
  • 101 Lenox Deli & Grill
    101 Lenox Ave 10026, (646) 370-3397
  • 7th Avenue Deli & Grocery Corp
    2594 Adam Clayton Powell Jr Blvd 10039,
  • Mini Market Davia
    2363 Adam Clayton Powell Jr Blvd 10030,
  • Azal's Deli
    2480 Frederick Douglass Blvd #1 10027, (212) 234-2727
  • Altragraica Groceries
    2077 Adam Clayton Powell Jr Blvd 10027,
  • Lenox Gourmet Deli & Grocery
    217 Malcolm X Blvd 10027, (212) 222-3314
  • Omega Gourmet Deli
    353 W 125th St 10027, (212) 316-3354
  • Yummy Foods Deli
    2445 Frederick Douglas Blvd 10027, (917) 261-6839
  • Greenland Deli and Grocery
    418 Lenox Ave 10037,
  • Yuca Mexican Products
    1349 Amsterdam Ave 10027, (212) 280-8585
  • 148 Deli Grocery Inc
    2787 Frederick Douglass Blvd 10039, (212) 368-4917
  • La Deli
    2572 Adam Clayton Powell Jr Blvd 10039, (917) 388-2585
  • NYC Lucky Discount
    110 W 145th St 10039, (212) 281-2890
  • 639 Express Deli Food
    639 Malcolm X Blvd 10037, (917) 261-5674
  • Rite Aid
    2170 Frederick Douglass Blvd 10026, (212) 666-3013
  • Harlem Shambles
    2141 Frederick Douglass Blvd 10026, (646) 476-4650
  • 121 Convenience Deli
    121 W 116th St 10026, (646) 524-5728

PARKS IN CENTRAL HARLEM:

To ensure the below businesses and organizations are open, please call or check the listed websites for the most up-to-date information.

FOOD POLICY ORGANIZATIONS IN CENTRAL HARLEM:

To ensure the below organizations are and services are being offered, please call or check the listed websites for the most up-to-date information.

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES:

Last updated: 12/22/2020

REFERENCES:

  1. Hinterland, K, et al. “Community Health Profiles 2018, Manhattan Community District 10: Central Harlem.” Community Health Profiles 2018, Manhattan Community District 10: Central Harlem, 2018, pp. 1–20.
  2. “Data2Go: Central Harlem.” data2go.Nyc, Measure of America of the Social Science Research Council and Helmsley Charitable Trust, https://data2go.nyc/map/?id=111*36047015900*meal_gap_puma!undefined!ns*!other_pop_cd_506~ahdi_puma_1~sch_enrol_cd_112~age_pyramid_male_85_plus_cd_20~median_household_income_puma_397~median_personal_earnings_puma_400~dis_y_perc_puma_102~poverty_ceo_cd_417~unemployment_cd_408~pre_k_cd_107!*air_qual_cd~ahdi_puma*family_homeless_cd_245#12/40.8086/-73.9294.
  3. “Annual Vital Statistics Data Show Fewer Premature Deaths and Fewer Births in New York City in 2017.” NYC Health, The City of New York.
  4. “A Foodscape of Central Harlem.” New York City Food Policy Center at Hunter College, Mar. 2017, https://www.nycfoodpolicy.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/FS302_2017.pdf.
  5. “Green Thumb Garden Map.” NYC Parks, https://greenthumb.nycgovparks.org/gardensearch.php

Article Image: “New York City (NYC) Neighborhood Maps – By Borough – Manhattan.” NYCdata, Baruch College Zicklin School of Business, https://www.baruch.cuny.edu/nycdata/population-geography/maps-boroughs.htm.

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