Foodscape: South Crown Heights/Lefferts Gardens

by NYC Food Policy Editor

South Crown Heights/Lefferts Gardens Foodscape

About Foodscapes

Access to affordable and nutritious food is one of the cornerstones of good health. Without this, individuals—and communities—are at a higher risk of food insecurity and serious chronic diseases, including obesity, diabetes, and heart disease. To improve the health of New Yorkers, we must recognize that each neighborhood has a distinct food environment.

Purpose

These Foodscape reports provide a community-level snapshot of a community’s food environment, including data on healthy and unhealthy food consumption, food access, and diet-related diseases. Additionally, the reports detail a comprehensive guide of the many food-related resources available to residents within their neighborhoods to support them in eating healthier. The Hunter College New York City Food Policy Center has compiled this information from various sources, presenting it in a user-friendly format to help NYC residents and communities better understand their local foodscapes.

*All data from Community Health Profiles includes Prospect Lefferts Gardens, South Crown Heights and Wingate

*All data from DATA2GO includes Crown Heights South, Prospect Lefferts & Wingate

Zip codes include: 11213, 11225

TABLE OF CONTENTS:

DEMOGRAPHICS:

  • Total Population: 98,650 (1.16% of NYC population) (1)
  • Population by Race and Ethnicity of South Crown Heights/Lefferts Gardens and New York City (1)
    • South Crown Heights/Lefferts Gardens: 9% Latino | NYC: 29% Latino
    • South Crown Heights/Lefferts Gardens: 69% Black | NYC: 22% Black
    • South Crown Heights/Lefferts Gardens: 18% White | NYC: 32% White
    • South Crown Heights/Lefferts Gardens: 2% Asian/Pacific Islander | NYC: 15% Asian
    • South Crown Heights/Lefferts Gardens: 2% Other | NYC: 2% Other
  •  South Crown Heights/Lefferts Gardens Population by Age: (1)
    • 0-17 years: 22%
    • 18-24 years: 9%
    • 25-44 years: 30%
    • 45-64 years: 25%
    • 65+ years: 14%
  • Life Expectancy
    • South Crown Heights/Lefferts Gardens: 82.8 years (2) | NYC: 82.1 years (2)
  • Born Outside the US: 
    • South Crown Heights/Lefferts Gardens: 41% (1) | NYC: 37% (1)

NEIGHBORHOOD ACCESS TO HEALTHY FOOD:

  • Supermarket to Bodega Ratio: One (1) supermarket in South Crown Heights/Lefferts Gardens to 21 bodegas (1)
  • Meal Gap (# of meals needed per year for food security): 5,857,514 (2)
  • Food Insecurity
    • South Crown Heights/Lefferts Gardens: 26.2% of residents (2)| NYC: 15.4% of residents (2)
  • Residences that Lack a Kitchen: 
    • South Crown Heights/Lefferts Gardens: 0.5% of housing units (2)| NYC: 0.8% (2)
  • Households Receiving SNAP Benefits: 
    • South Crown Heights/Lefferts Gardens: 22.5% of households (2)| NYC: 22.4% of households (2)
  • Walking Distance to Fresh Fruits and Vegetables: (4,5)
    • Includes data from Bedford/Stuyvesant/Crown Heights and Flatbush
    • 5 minutes or less: 57.5% (Compared to 49% New York City-wide)
    • 5-10 minutes: 18.5% (Compared to 18% New York City-wide)
    • 10 minutes or more: 21.5% (Compared to 32% New York City-wide)

FOOD CONSUMPTION:

  • At Least One Serving of Fruits or Vegetables Per Day (percent of adults): 
    • South Crown Heights/Lefferts Gardens: 81% (1) | NYC: 87% (1)
  • No Fruits and Vegetables Yesterday: 
    • South Crown Heights/Lefferts Gardens: 19% of adults (2) | NYC: 12.9% of adults (2)
  • One or More 12-ounce Sugary Drinks Per Day (percent of adults): 
    • South Crown Heights/Lefferts Gardens: 32% (1) | NYC: 23% (1)

HEALTH AND DISEASE STATUS:

  • Adults Reporting Their Own Health as “Excellent,” “Very Good” or “Good” (percent of adults): 
    • South Crown Heights/Lefferts Gardens: 78% (1) | NYC: 78% (1)
  • Obesity (percent of adults): 
    • South Crown Heights/Lefferts Gardens: 32% (1) | NYC: 24% (1)
  •  Childhood Obesity (percent of public school children in grades K through 8): 
    • South Crown Heights/Lefferts Gardens: 19% (1) | NYC: 20% (1)
  • Diabetes (percent of adults): 
    • South Crown Heights/Lefferts Gardens: 15% (1) | NYC: 11% (1)
  • Hypertension (percent of adults): 
    • South Crown Heights/Lefferts Gardens: 37% (1) | NYC: 28% (1)

ECONOMIC AND LIVING-CONDITION STRESS, CONTRIBUTORS TO FOOD INSECURITY:

  • Median Household Income
    • South Crown Heights/Lefferts Gardens: $54,691 (2) | NYC: $63,132 (2)
  • Poverty (percent of households with incomes below poverty): 
    • South Crown Heights/Lefferts Gardens: 20.1% (2) | NYC: 19.7% (2)
  • Unemployment (percent of people ages 16 and older): 
    • South Crown Heights/Lefferts Gardens: 6.5% (2) | NYC: 54.% (2)
  • Extreme Housing Burden (percent of renters): 
    • South Crown Heights/Lefferts Gardens: 31.8% (2) | NYC: 29.5% (2)

EXERCISE AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY BURDEN

  • Air Pollution (micrograms of fine particulate matter per cubic meter): 
    • South Crown Heights/Lefferts Gardens: 7.8 (1) | New York City-wide: 7.5 (1)
  • Bicycle Network Coverage (percent of streets with bike lanes): 
    • South Crown Heights/Lefferts Gardens: 26% (1) | New York City-wide: 10% (1)
  • Pedestrian Injury Hospitalizations (per 100,000 people): 
    • South Crown Heights/Lefferts Gardens: 30 (1) | New York City-wide: 23 (1)
  • Any Physical Activity in the Past 30 Days (percent of adults): 
    • South Crown Heights/Lefferts Gardens: 77% (1) | New York City-wide: 73% (1)

SOUTH CROWN HEIGHTS/LEFFERTS GARDENS COMMUNITY GARDENS: 

SOUTH CROWN HEIGHTS/LEFFERTS GARDENS GREENTHUMB GARDENS:

There are over 600 GreenThumb community gardens across the city, and any resident can join a garden. Find the most up-to-date list of gardens using GreenThumb’s searchable Garden Map. (6)  

  • Maple Street Community Garden: 237 Maple St
  • Lincoln Road Garden: 316 Lincoln Rd

SOUTH CROWN HEIGHTS/LEFFERTS GARDENS SCHOOL GARDENS:

  • HS 524 International High School at Prospect Heights: 883 Classon Ave
  • Charter 360 Launch Expeditionary Learning Charter School: 1580 Dean St
  • MS/HS 590 Medgar Evers College Preparatory School: 1186 Carroll St
  • PS 396: 1025 Eastern Pkwy
  • PS 396 @289: 900 St Marks Ave
  • PS 396 @532: 1025 Eastern Pkwy
  • PS 221 Toussaint L'Ouverture: 791 Empire Blvd
  • PS 243K The Weeksville School: 1580 Dean St
  • PS 241 Emma L. Johnston: 976 President St
  • HS 455 Boys and Girls High School: 1700 Fulton St

SOUTH CROWN HEIGHTS/LEFFERTS GARDENS FARMERS’ MARKETS: 

To ensure the below farmers’ markets are open, please call or check the listed websites for the most up-to-date information.

Many farmers’ markets accept cash, SNAP/EBT, debit/credit, WIC and Senior FMNP coupons. They may also offer Health Bucks for EBT users — for every $5 spent in EBT, customers receive a $2 Health Buck coupon to purchase additional fruits and vegetables. For an updated list of farmers’ markets near you (including days/hours of operation) visit nyc.gov/health and search “farmers markets” or text “SoGood” to 877-877.

SOUTH CROWN HEIGHTS/LEFFERTS GARDENS OFFICIAL SNAP ENROLLMENT SITES IN NYC – HUMAN RESOURCES ASSOCIATION (HRA):

Data is updated on a continuous basis in collaboration with the Hunter College NYC Food Policy Center’s Neighborhood Food Resource Guides.

*It is possible to apply for SNAP benefits online at https://www.ny.gov/services/apply-snap

SOUTH CROWN HEIGHTS/LEFFERTS GARDENS RETAIL FOOD STORES:

*This list below includes all retail food stores from a Google Maps Places API search with keyword search terms “bakery, cafe, convenience store, deli, food, grocery, supermarket.” 

Data is updated on a continuous basis in collaboration with the Hunter College NYC Food Policy Center’s Neighborhood Food Resource Guides.

PARKS IN SOUTH CROWN HEIGHTS/LEFFERTS GARDENS:

To ensure the below businesses and organizations are open, please call or check the listed websites for the most up-to-date information.

FOOD POLICY ORGANIZATIONS IN SOUTH CROWN HEIGHTS/LEFFERTS GARDENS:

To ensure the below organizations are and services are being offered, please call or check the listed websites for the most up-to-date information.

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES:

Last updated: 9/22/2020

REFERENCES:

  1. Hinterland, K, et al. “Community Health Profiles 2018, Brooklyn Community District 9: South Crown Heights and Lefferts Gardens.” Community Health Profiles 2018, Brooklyn Community District 9: South Crown Heights and Lefferts Gardens, 2018, pp. 1–20.
  2. “Data2Go: Crown Heights South, Prospect Lefferts & Wingate.” data2go.Nyc, Measure of America of the Social Science Research Council and Helmsley Charitable Trust, https://data2go.nyc/map/?id=309*36047015900*ahdi_puma!undefined!ns*!other_pop_cd_506~ahdi_puma_1~sch_enrol_cd_112~age_pyramid_male_85_plus_cd_20~median_household_income_puma_397~median_personal_earnings_puma_400~dis_y_perc_puma_102~poverty_ceo_cd_417~unemployment_cd_408~pre_k_cd_107!*air_qual_cd~ahdi_puma*family_homeless_cd_245#10/40.8273/-73.9586.
  3. “Annual Vital Statistics Data Show Fewer Premature Deaths and Fewer Births in New York City in 2017.” NYC Health, The City of New York.
  4. “A Foodscape of Bedford Stuyvesant/Crown heights.” New York City Food Policy Center at Hunter College, Mar. 2017, https://www.nycfoodpolicy.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/FS203_2017.pdf.
  5. “A Foodscape of Flatbush.” New York City Food Policy Center at Hunter College, Mar. 2017, https://www.nycfoodpolicy.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/FS207_2017.pdf.
  6. “Green Thumb Garden Map.” NYC Parks, https://greenthumb.nycgovparks.org/gardensearch.php

Article Image: “New York City (NYC) Neighborhood Maps – By Borough – Brooklyn.” NYCdata, Baruch College Zicklin School of Business, https://www.baruch.cuny.edu/nycdata/population-geography/maps-boroughs.htm.

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