By Lauren Lindstrom
If you’ve been watching the Rio Olympics, you’ve no doubt seen the ubiquitous food ads — for chicken nuggets, sodas, and the like — and possibly thought about the incongruity of pairing these unhealthy foods with the world’s fastest and strongest. Public health advocates across the globe have taken to Twitter to challenge Big Food’s marketing campaigns, some of which directly target children and teens. The New York City Food Policy Center at Hunter College took a deeper look into the sponsorships driving the marketing blitz and what the public health community has been saying about it.
Rio’s TOP Sponsors
Top powerhouses of the junk food and beverage industry, Coca-Cola and McDonald’s, are two of just eleven members of the International Olympic Committee’s “The Olympic Partners (TOP)” program, the highest level of Olympic sponsorship — the elite athletes, if you will, of sponsors. These coveted spots cost the companies big bucks, in the hundreds of millions of dollars over four years, but in return each partner is granted exclusive global marketing rights within their designated product or service area. The TOP program presents an enormous marketing bonanza, and here’s just a sampling of how Coca-Cola and McDonald’s are capitalizing on the opportunity.
IOC Sponsor Since: As Coca-Cola puts it, “Refreshing athletes since 1928” — and has supported every Olympic games to date, making it the company with the longest continuous relationship with the Olympic movement
Rio Hashtag: #ThatsGold — which celebrates Olympic stars (while marketing Coca-Cola), provides general commentary on the games (while marketing Coca-Cola), and engages customers through emotional appeals (while marketing Coca-Cola) on its newly golden-hued social media platforms (Facebook, Twitter), on a thatsgold.com website, and through traditional print and tv ads. Coca-Cola has enlisted “global influencers” and selected athletes to spread #ThatsGold around the world, by tweeting about what #ThatsGold means to them and then encouraging their social media followers to do the same.
The Hashtag According to Coca-Cola: Lest the everyday person feel excluded from a “ThatsGold” moment, the company explains that drinking a soda can make you, too, feel gold just like those athletes winning medals: “…gold moments can happen far beyond the podium. They can happen every day and all around the world…gold moments are made of special feelings — joyful, refreshing, sharable — all of those moments that make you feel gold, just like the feeling of drinking an ice-cold Coca-Cola. We look forward to bringing #ThatsGold to life in Rio de Janeiro and around the world” said their VP of Global Creative.
Presence in Rio 2016:
- Torch Relay: Coca-Cola was a partner in the nearly 100-day, country-wide journey in a Coca-Cola–emblazoned caravan. “Olympic Torch Relay Director Isabel Salvador explains: ‘We are experiencing an incredible adventure across the whole of Brazil, visiting the most beautiful places and telling stories to inspire Brazilians as we travel. We are making them aware of our mini-packs, distributing 1.3 million of them along the way. From the start to the finish, we shall be engaging with millions of teenagers, encouraging them to spend some time with the torch and Coca-Cola, with the hashtags #thatsgold, #issoeouro.’”
- Coca-Cola Olympic Station: a “must-see hangout for teens” that “will mix athletes, music artists and influencers, allowing them to create and share their gold moments across social networks, all while tasting the feeling of a Coca-Cola”; take a jaw-dropping virtual tour on their Facebook page
- Coke Lounge in the Olympic Village: “a place where athletes can relax while enjoying an ice-cold Coca-Cola”
- Coletivo Coca-Cola Project: During the Games, Coca-Cola trains and employs young people from Rio’s favelas to work within “hospitality, venue operations and experiential roles, giving them valuable work experience and a once-in-a-lifetime chance to be part of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games in their home city. Now #ThatsGold.” Is it?
Sponsor Since: 1976 — but it all began in 1968 at the Winter Games in Grenoble, France when McDonald’s airlifted its burgers to the American athletes, reportedly homesick for food from the states; nearly 40 years later McDonald’s is the Official Restaurant of the games and has committed to being a TOP sponsor until 2020
Rio Hashtag: #FriendsWin — McDonald’s sent 100 children (who won the chance through a competition; check out the ad on youtube) from around the world to attend the Opening Ceremony and has been using this hashtag to post pics of the kids (like this one) and ads for its products (like this one; translated as, “a friendship begins”) on its social media accounts (Facebook, Instagram, Twitter)
The Hashtag According to McDonald’s: To “celebrate the spirit of friendship at the heart of the Olympic values.”
Presence in Rio:
- The only branded foodservice retailer to feed athletes, coaches, media, and spectators on-site
- A restaurant in the International Zone of the Athlete’s Village; as reported by the Washington Post, the outlet is free for athletes and coaches (yes, free, which causes problems on its own) and with a line as long as a football field, McDonald’s had to reduce the number of items that one person could order to a mere 20
- A dessert kiosk at Barra Olympic Park for spectators
- Nearly 100 McDonald’s restaurants in and around Rio, limited edition Rio Olympics activewear line, Rio Olympics Happy Meal toys, and more
Other companies have signed on as sponsors with the United States Olympic Committee (USOC); including the food companies Chobani, Hershey, Kellogg’s, milk life, and Smucker’s. We take a closer look at Hershey and Kellogg’s here.
The Hershey Company
Sponsor Since: 2015 — Rio 2016 is the company’s first games as official sponsor; they’ve signed on with the USOC through the Tokyo 2020 games. To mark the occasion, Hershey’s iconic wrapper has undergone a red, white, and blue makeover, the first change to the packaging in its 122-year history.
Rio Hashtags: #HelloFromHome — Hershey is encouraging consumers to use this hashtag to send notes of support to Team USA athletes before and during the games; some notes are being featured on chocolate bar wrappers and delivered to the athletes through Hershey’s care packages. TV ads and social media clips show Team Hershey’s brand ambassador athletes receiving #HelloFromHome chocolate bar notes from their friends and families.
#OneSweetCelebration — Hershey is inviting people to share “cheers and encouragement to Team USA and use #OneSweetCelebration so we can all celebrate together” and is hosting an Olympic-themed One Sweet Celebration sweepstakes for fans.
The Hashtag According to Hershey: The #OneSweetCelebration theme “has provided Hershey not only with a unique set of assets to activate in-store; it reminds us that Hershey is inviting the entire nation to share joy and engage in their own celebrations this summer. It’s important to celebrate the journey and the accomplishments along the way, and then sharing those celebrations with others. It doesn’t matter if you’re a U.S. Olympian or Paralympian celebrating your journey to Rio, or you’re just celebrating your journey to the end of a Monday; everyone has something to celebrate.”
Sponsor Since: The company has been involved with the games since 1976; in 2011 they became an official sponsor starting with the 2012 London Olympics
Rio Hashtags: #GetsMeStarted — is engaging the public to share what gets them started in the morning for breakfast and highlights its #TeamKelloggs athletes (who eat Kellogg’s cereal, of course); the athletes themselves are also posting on social media using the hashtags (see here). The company has developed a Team USA website, where fans can stay up-to-date on the athletes, produced limited edition cereal boxes (like this one) featuring Rio’s stars, and is pumping out emotional ads (like this one) on TV and social media (Facebook, Twitter).
The Hashtag According to Kellogg’s: By sharing “what gets them started each day, the athletes have shown fans firsthand what drives them towards their Team USA aspirations, and gets them through the daily grind of training and competition.”
What the Public Health Community Is Saying
Public health advocates are tweeting their distaste for the sponsorships. Some are using the new hashtag #riobesity. Here’s what a few of them had to say:
Tweet: “The #Olympics2016 should help inspire a generation to exercise, not promote junk food #NCDs”
Olympics are a carnival of junk food marketing, say campaigners
Children’s Food Campaign claims sponsors such as Kellogg’s and McDonald’s are again using Games to push unhealthy products
Who Said It: The Global Alliance for Chronic Diseases, which works to puts non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in the developing world at the heart of the #GlobalHealth research agenda
Twitter Handle: @gacd_media
Date: August 15th, 2016
Tweet: “Olympics sponsorship: supporting sport or funding fat? http://buff.ly/2b2TJjn | The Conversation #riobesity”
Olympics sponsorship: supporting sport or funding fat?
What does the Olympics stand for: Is it the inspiration for a healthier, sportier community? Or is it just another way to sell junk food and booze to an ever-fatter,…
Who Said It: HealthyCommunicators, an Australia-based group that focuses on health communication
Twitter Handle: @_HealthyComms
Date: August 13, 2016
Tweet: “Graphics Show How Much Olympic-Level Activity It Takes To Burn Off Junk Food http://bit.ly/2aMzt2v #riobesity”
The Olympic Exercises That Burn The Most Calories
With the Rio Olympics starting in two week’s time we looked at 28 different Olympic events to…
Who Said It: Children’s Food Campaign, a British organization that protects children from junk food advertising
Twitter Handle: @Childrensfood
Date: August 11th, 2016
Tweet: “Appalled by the junk food sponsor control of the Rio #Olympics? You’re not alone. Industry reports global outcry:”
Food Industry under fire over Olympic sponsorship deals
The Olympic Games in Rio has been branded a “carnival of junk food marketing” as campaigners published new research on advertising tacti…
Who Said It: Michael Moss, author of The New York Times bestseller, Salt Sugar Fat: How the Food Giants Hooked Us
Twitter Handle: @MichaelMossC
Date: August 10th, 2016
Tweet: “Coke’s Olympic sponsorship called out by Australian health groups. #riobesity #rethinksugarydrink”
Who Said It: Obesity Policy Coalition, a group that advocates for policy and regulatory initiatives to support obesity prevention in Australia, particularly in children
Twitter Handle: @OPCAustralia
Date: August 9th, 2016
Tweet: “Rio 2016: Olympics Sponsors Under Fire From Public Health Campaigners – Newsweek”
Rio 2016 sponsors Coca Cola, McDonald’s and Kellogg’s under fire fr…
Sponsors including Coca-Cola, Kellogg’s and McDonald’s have come in for criticism.
Who Said It: Public Health new (Arizona’s Pima County Health Department)
Twitter Handle: @PublicHealthnew
Date: August 5th, 2016