The City of Ghent Scales Up Food Waste Recovery

by Gabrielle Khalife
Part of the Food Policy Snapshot Series

Policy Name: FoodSavers Ghent

Location:

City of Ghent, Belgium

Population: 260K (City Population, 2018)

Overview: One of the most alarming problems we face as a global society is food waste, and the statistics paint a grim picture for our future. According to the United Nations, approximately one-third of all food produced in the world is lost or wasted before making it to the table. In an effort to combat and reduce food waste, the City of Ghent launched the FoodSavers program in March of 2017. FoodSavers collects surplus from supermarkets and producers that would otherwise have been thrown away, and donates it to social organizations in need of food. The program also addresses two other issues in the local community, working towards: (1) decreasing CO2 emissions (as a byproduct of reducing food waste) and (2) improving social economy by creating jobs for individuals in difficult financial situations.

In just its first year of operation, the program exceeded its set targets (see evaluation below) and has received four prizes, including the public award of the 2017 Grand Prize for Future Generations, the 2017 Sustainable Partnership Award, the 2018 Food Waste Award in the category of local authorities and the 2018 international Milan Pact Award.

Progress to date:

In 2013, the City of Ghent launched Gent en Garde, a food policy that includes five strategic goals to promote a sustainable food system. The goal is to achieve ecological and social progress throughout the entire food chain, from production, processing, and distribution to consumption, waste management and environmental impact reduction.

In 2015, the Employment Department, the Environment and Climate Department and the City of Ghent’s CPAS joined forces to work on the issue of food surpluses. The City partnered with Komosie, an organization that focuses on the crossroads between social economy and the environment. Then, In 2017 the Ghent Public Welfare Center OCMW, joined forces with the City to coordinate food distribution among several organizations.

Program/Policy Initiated: March 3, 2017

Food policy category: Food Waste Reduction & Management

Program goals: To reduce food waste and CO2 emissions, make healthy, fresh food available for people living in poverty, and ensure social employment.

How it works:

FoodSavers recovers surplus food from supermarkets and producers, and redistributes it to local organizations in need of food.

The program has three primary objectives:

  1. Climate Protection: By reducing food surpluses, FoodSavers is also reducing CO2 emissions. It is estimated that 250 tons of CO2 are saved per 100 tons of surplus food.
  2. Social Employment: FoodSavers employs 10 to 12 people who would otherwise have difficulty entering the labor market.
  3. Fighting Poverty: FoodSavers works towards improving access and availability of quality food to individuals living in poverty. 

FoodSavers partners with donors (farmers, processing companies, supermarkets and local shops) who provide surplus food that was not sold. The food is collected at a central point within the City to be redistributed to social organizations.

FoodSavers also takes initiative towards creating new and tasty products based on food surpluses or by-products. By doing so, the program creates working opportunities for disadvantaged groups.

Why it is important:

Food waste is caused in part by supermarkets’ over-ordering products, which results in overstocking or items not being sold because of aesthetic imperfections. Typically the surplus food is thrown out and left to decompose at landfills, contributing to rising levels of CO2 emissions. FoodSavers works to break this pattern by redistributing high quality and fresh surplus foods to people in need, aiding public health and the environment.

Evaluation:

By mid-2017, six tons of food were being distributed each week to 30 social organizations in the City of Ghent, providing food for 2,500 people.

The program surpassed all of its set objectives after being in operation for only 10 months:

  • 300 tons of food were recovered as compared to the projected goal of 100 tons
  • 19 positions were created for individuals with difficult access to the labor market as compared to the projected goal of 12 positions
  • 762 tons of CO2 were reduced as compared to the projected goal of 250 tons

Click here for the evaluation report.

Learn more: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0R4mbRn-Iq4

Point of Contact:

KOMOSIE vzw

Uitbreidingstraat 470

2600 Berchem

T: 03/281.03.30

E: [email protected] or Contact Form

Similar practices:

On February 3, 2016, France became the first country in the world to pass a law prohibiting food waste by supermarkets and mandating them to donate surplus to food banks and charities. Learn more.

References:

http://www.flanderstoday.eu/living/new-programme-tackles-food-waste-and-feeds-hungry-ghent

http://www.fao.org/urban-food-actions/knowledge-products/resources-detail/en/c/1146769/

https://persruimte.stad.gent/165061-een-jaar-foodsavers-gent-project-overtreft-alle-doelstellingen

http://www.milanurbanfoodpolicypact.org/2018/09/05/ghent-lima-win-mpa-2018-monetary-prizes/

https://foodsavers.be/activiteiten/

https://foodsavers.be/over-ons/

https://stad.gent/over-gent-en-het-stadsbestuur/stadsbestuur/wat-doet-het-bestuur/uitvoering-van-het-beleid/natuur-milieu/gent-en-garde/ocmw-en-stad-gent-herverdelen-voedseloverschotten

http://www.milanurbanfoodpolicypact.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/07/Brief-22-Ghent.pdf

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