Part of the Food Policy Snapshot Series
Policy name: MeatOut Day
Overview: Colorado Governor Jared Polis recently declared March 20 to be MeatOut Day in the state.
Population: 5.9 million
Food policy category: Nutrition, Sustainable Agriculture
Program goals: To encourage people to eat less meat and follow a plant-based diet.
How it works: Every March 20 is the Great American MeatOut, a day on which plant-based diets are promoted for their benefits to human health, as well as for preventing cruelty against animals.
The MeatOut campaign began in 1985, sponsored by the Farm Animal Rights Movement (FARM), to honor animal rights and help people worldwide adopt a more plant-focused diet. Every March 20, in locations across the U.S. and in more than 20 other countries around the world, grassroots organizations and individuals plan activities to highlight the benefits of plant-based diets. Activities may include setting up information tables, providing cooking demonstrations and potluck meals, holding festivals and receptions, and displaying MeatOut billboards and online messages.
Those interested in joining the campaign can take the MeatOut Pledge and participate in any of the ways suggested on the MeatOut website.
Progress to date: The holiday has been acknowledged by various states and countries since 1985. Governor Polis declared March 20 to be MeatOut Day in Colorado on March 20, 2021.
Why it is important: The campaign began in an effort to protest animal cruelty, but it has evolved to also promote the health benefits of a plant-based diet. Diets that are rich in vegetables, whole grains, and fruits can reduce the risk of chronic diseases, including cancer and heart disease. Plant-based diets, which do not have to exclude all animal products, are typically high in fiber, phytonutrients (including antioxidants), and vitamins and minerals, all of which support a healthy immune system and healthy weight. Maintaining a healthy immune system and avoiding overweight and obesity reduces the risk of many chronic, and often fatal, illnesses.
Plant-based diets have also been promoted as a means of reducing climate change. Food production in general creates more than one-third of greenhouse gas emissions, and livestock production generates the most. Promoting more plant-focused eating will reduce the need for livestock production and thereby lower greenhouse gas emissions and reduce the rate of climate change.
Program/Policy initiated: The annual occurrence began in 1985 and was initiated in Colorado in 2021..
Point of contact: N/A
Similar practices: Meatless Monday is a similar campaign that also encourages a reduction in meat consumption.
Evaluation: Since the inception of MeatOut in 1985, more than 35 million Americans have reduced their consumption of animal products, according to Governor Polis’s proclamation, although it is not possible to know how much of an impact the MeatOut campaign in particular played in individuals’ dietary decisions.
Governor Polis has faced opposition to his proclamation from many people working in the livestock industry, as well as from those who are concerned about its implications for the state’s economy.
- The Beginner’s Guide to a Plant-Based Diet (Forks Over Knives)
- Cutting Greenhouse Gases From Food Production Is Urgent, Scientists Say (New York Times)
- The Effects of Plant-Based Diets on the Body and the Brain: A Systematic Review (Translational Psychiatry)
- Plant-Based Diets: Considerations for Environmental Impact, Protein Quality, and Exercise Performance (Nutrients)
- 5 Benefits of a Plant-Based Diet (MD Anderson Cancer Center)
- 6 Ways the US Can Curb Climate Change and Grow More Food (World Resources Institute)
- A Meat War Is Waged Across State Lines (New York Times)
- Children and Adults Should Avoid Consuming Animal Products to Reduce Risk for Chronic Disease: YES (American Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
- Climate Change and the American Diet (Yale Program on Climate Change Communication)
- Colorado Governor Starts Food Fight with Farmers and Ranchers (Colorado Livestock Association)
- Colorado’s ‘MeatOut Day’ Has Started a Meat War (CounterPunch)
- Colorado’s MeatOut Day Promotes a Big Lie (Drovers)
- Fiber (Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health)
- Food Systems Account for Over One-Third of Global Greenhouse Gas Emissions (UN News)
- Meatless Monday (The Monday Campaigns)
- MeatOut (MeatOut)
- MeatOut Day Draws Support, Opposition Among Coloradans (9 News)
- MeatOut Day in Colorado Starts a Meat War (LA Progressive)
- State of Colorado Proclamation (State of Colorado)
- The Story of MeatOut Through the Years (MeatOut)
- What are Phytonutrients? (Produce for Better Health Foundation)
- What is a Plant-Based Diet and Why Should You Try it? (Harvard Health Publishing)