Plans to Increase US Food Production to Offset Shortages and High Costs

by Marissa Sheldon, MPH
food shortages

Part of the Food Policy Snapshot Series

Policy name: US policies to help fight food inflation

Overview: President Joe Biden has announced plans to increase food production in the US to offset global food shortages and high prices caused by the Russia-Ukraine war. 

Location: United States

Population: 334.7 million

Food policy category: Food production and distribution, food security

Program goals: To increase food production and decrease food costs

How it works: There are three parts to this plan:

  1. The number of US counties eligible for double cropping insurance will increase. Double cropping permits farmers to plant two crops on the same land in the same year, which expands their overall production. However, due to high risk, many farmers are unable to obtain crop insurance for this practice, so the Biden administration will increase the number of counties where double cropping qualifies for insurance by 681, bringing the total number of eligible counties to 1,935. This will allow more farmers more financial security to practice double cropping. 
  2. Technical assistance for precision agriculture will increase in order to cut costs for farmers. Precision agriculture uses technology to manage crops and helps farmers use less fertilizer without reducing production. The Biden administration plans to increase outreach to farmers and streamline the precision agriculture application process to allow more farmers to make use of it.  
  3. Funding for domestic fertilizer production will double. Biden is investing $500 million in domestic fertilizer production to increase availability and lower costs for farmers. 

Progress to date: President Biden announced his plan on May 11, 2022.  

Why it is important: The Russia-Ukraine war has resulted in global food shortages and price increases. Russia and Ukraine together provide approximately 30 percent of the world’s wheat and barley supply, 20 percent of its corn, and more than half of its sunflower oil supply. The Russian invasion of Ukraine has significantly reduced these supplies, and, in turn, commodity prices are reaching record highs. If the US and other countries can increase their own production, that may help to offset the global food shortages and price hikes that have occurred over the past few months. 

Program/Policy initiated: The plan went into effect on May 11, 2022. 

Point of contact: N/A

Similar practices: None known.

Evaluation: The program has not yet been evaluated. 

Learn more: 


Related Articles

Subscribe To Weekly NYC Food Policy Watch Newsletter
Subscribe to our weekly email newsletter today to receive updates on the latest news, reports and event information
No Thanks
Thanks for signing up. You must confirm your email address before we can send you. Please check your email and follow the instructions.
We respect your privacy. Your information is safe and will never be shared.
Don't miss out. Subscribe today.