East Harlem Research Action Workshop Course Resources and Readings, Full List

East Harlem Research Action Workshop Course Resources and Readings,

Full List

Readings and Web Resources (Organized alphabetically)


Abbatangelo-Gray J, Byrd-Bredbenner C, Austin SB. Health and nutrient content claims in food advertisements on Hispanic and mainstream prime-time television. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2008;40(6):348-54. Code(s): Food Advertising and Marketing

Amato, R. Buy an in-progress condo building in East Harlem for $15.5M. Curbed NY: The New York City neighborhoods and real estate blog. January 26, 2014. https://ny.curbed.com/archives/2014/01/26/buy_an_inprogress_condo_building_in_east_harlem_for_155m.php. Code(s): Gentrification/Community Development

Ansanelli S, Feiger L, Harrison P, Hoogkamer L, MacIver M, Shedletsky J, Tian B, Wu Q. Community Land Trusts In New York City. 2012. Available at: https://cltnetwork.org/topics/municipal-state-suppo+A145+A131:A149+A130:A149+A129:A149+A128:A149+A127:A149+A+A131:A149 Code(s) Gentrification/Community Development

ARRA. East Harlem:  Making a Difference One Program at a Time.   Available at: https://www.nyc.gov/html/ops/nycstim/downloads/pdf/e_harlem_spotlight_110919.pdf  (skim report with focus on sections related to food jobs, pp. 6, 9 and 11). Code(s): East Harlem

Ayala GX, Baquero B, Klinger S. A systematic review of the relationship between acculturation and diet among Latinos in the United States: implications for future research. J Am Diet Assoc. 2008;108(8):1330-44. Code(s): Gentrification/Community Development


Barron  M. et al.  Understanding New York City’s Food Supply. Columbia University Workshop In Applied Earth Systems And Policy Analysis. 2010; 4-93. Available at: https://mpaenvironment.ei.columbia.edu/news/documents/UnderstandingNYCsFoodSupply_May2010.pdf.  Code(s): Other

Basch CE. Breakfast and the Achievement Gap Among Urban Minority Youth. Journal of School Health. 2011: 81(10); 635–640. Code(s): School Food

Blom-Hoffman J. School-Based Promotion of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in Multiculturally Diverse, Urban Schools. Psychol Sch. 2008;45(1):16-27. Code(s): School Food

Born B and Purcell M, “Avoiding the Local Trap:  Scale and Food systems in Planning Research.” Journal of Planning Education and Research. 2006. 26:195-207. Code(s): Other

Bornstein D. Conquering food deserts with green carts. The  New York Times. April 12, 2012. https://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/04/18/conquering-food-deserts-with-green-carts/?_php=true&_type=blogs&_r=0. Code(s): Gentrification/Community Development

Brannen S. Foodworks: A vision to improve NYC’s food system. New York City Council. 2010. Available at: https://council.nyc.gov/downloads/pdf/foodworks_fullreport_11_22_10.pdf. Code(s): SNAP/Poverty/Food Benefits

Breland JY, McAndrew LM, Gross RL, Leventhal H, Horowitz CR. Challenges to healthy eating for people with diabetes in a low-income, minority neighborhood. Diabetes Care. 2013;36(10):2895-901. Code(s): SNAP/Poverty/Food Benefits

Breyer B, Voss-AndreaeA. Food Mirages: Geographic and Economic Barriers to Healthful Food Access in Portland, Oregon. Health and Place. 2013;24:131-139. Code(s): Gentrification/Community Development

Bridge G, DowlingR. Microgeographies of Retailing and Gentrification. Australian Geographer. 2001; 32(1): 93–107. Code(s): Gentrification/Community Development, Food Retail

Bro RT, Shank L, Williams R, McLaughlin TF. The Effects of an In-Class Breakfast Program on Attendance and On-Task Behavior of High School Students. Child & Family Behavior Therapy.1994: 16(3); 1-8. Code(s): School Food

Brown C, Miller S. The Impacts of Local Markets: A Review of Research on Farmers Markets and Community Supported Agriculture (CSA). American Journal of Agricultural Economics. 2008; 90(5):1296-1302. Code(s): Gentrification/Community Development


California Institute for Rural Studies. A directory of mobile markets addressing food access in low-income communities. CIRS Website. www.cirsinc.org. Updated August 2012. Code(s): SNAP/Poverty/Food Benefits

Caspi CE, Kawachi I, Subramanian SV, Adamkiewicz G, Sorensen G. The relationship between diet and perceived and objective access to supermarkets among low-income housing residents. Social Science & Medicine. 2012;75:1254-1262. Code(s): Gentrification/Community Development

CBS News. Rules would limit marketing of unhealthy foods in schools. CBSNews. February 25, 2014. https://www.cbsnews.com/news/rules-would-limit-marketing-of-unhealthy-foods-in-schools/. Code(s): School Food, Food Advertising and Marketing

Center for the Study of the Presidency and Congress, Health and Medicine Program. SNAP to Health: A Fresh Approach to Improving Nutrition in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program. 2012. Available at: https://www.rwjf.org/content/dam/farm/reports/reports/2012/rwjf400168. Code(s):  SNAP/Poverty/Food Benefits

Charette A, Jakabovics A, Spotts M. Food at home: Affordable housing as a platform to overcome nutritional challenges. Enterprise Community Partners. 2014. Code(s): Food Retail

Citizens Committee for Children of New York City. The School Breakfast Program In New York City Public Schools: Results from a Parent Survey Concerning Student Participation. CCC New York Web Site. https://www.cccnewyork.org/wp-content/publications/CCCReport.SchoolBreakfast.May-2012.pdf. Code(s): School Food

Cohen DA, Bhatia R. Nutrition standards for away-from-home foods in the USA. Obes Rev. 2012;13(7):618-29. Code(s): Food Advertising and Marketing

Cohen N. How Great Cities Are Fed Revisited: Ten Municipal Policies To Support The New York City Foodshed. Fordham Envtl. Law Rev 01/2011; 36. Code(s): Other

Community Board 11 Statement of District Needs Fiscal Year 2014. 2014. Code(s): East Harlem

Costa P. Community Board 11: East Harlem Retail Analysis.  No date. Available at: https://www.cb11m.org/files/East%20Harlem%20CB11%20Retail%20Analysis_1.pdf. Code(s): East Harlem, Food Retail

Couldry N, McCarthy A. Media space: Place, scale and culture in a media age. London, UK and New York, NY: Routledge; 2004. Code(s): Food Advertising and Marketing

Crepinsek MK, Bernstein AS, McLaughlin JE. Dietary Effects of Universal-Free School Breakfast: Findings from the Evaluation of the School Breakfast Program Pilot Project. Journal of the American Dietetic Association. 2006; 106(11): 1796-1803. Code(s): School Food

Cuozzo S. Flak flies over East Harlem plan. The New York Post. May 5, 2014. https://nypost.com/2014/05/05/flak-flies-over-east-harlem-plan/. Code(s): Gentrification/Community Development

Slattery D. Food stamp cuts hurt New York City stores as customers spend less on groceries. Daily News. March 17, 2014. https://www.nydailynews.com/new-york/food-stamp-cuts-hurt-nyc-stores-customers-spend-article-1.1724929. Code(s): SNAP/Poverty/Food Benefits


Davidson J. Is Gentrification All Bad? New York Times. February 2, 2014. https://nymag.com/news/features/gentrification-2014-2/#print. Code(s): Gentrification/Community Development

De Lafuente D. Report: McD’s, pepsi score best with young hispanics. Brandweek. 2008;49(16):8-8. Code(s): Food Advertising and Marketing

Dickinson M. No Food Stamps for the Unemployed? NYC’s Been There, Done That, and It’s Not Pretty. Huffington Post. September 27, 2013. https://www.huffingtonpost.com/american-anthropological-association/no-food-stamps-for-the-un_b_3997599.html. Code(s): SNAP/Poverty/Food Benefits

Donovan LF. Everybody Eats Breakfast at Newark Public Schools, Food for Thought: Expanding School Breakfast in New Jersey. Newark, NJ: Advocates for the Children of New Jersey. 2012. Code(s) School Food

Dougherty K. Food Justice Students Embark on Community Projects. Children Aid Society Web Site. https://www.childrensaidsociety.org/blog/2013/04/01/food-justice-students-embark-community-projects Code(s): Other

Dwyer JC. Hunger and Obesity in East Harlem: Environmental Influences on Urban Food Access. 2005. Available at: https://nyccah.org/files/harlem.pdf. Code(s):  SNAP/Poverty/Food Benefits


Eckert J, Shetty S. Food systems, planning and quantifying access: Using GIS to plan for food retail. Applied Geography. 2011; 31: 1216-1223. Code(s): Gentrification/Community Development, Food Retail

El Barrio vs. Gentrification. Video at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8NAPknRkAlw Code(s) Gentrification/Community Development

Escaron AL, Meinen AM, Nitzke SA, Martinez-Donate AP. Supermarket and Grocery Store–Based Interventions to Promote Healthful Food Choices and Eating Practices: A Systematic Review. Prev Chronic Dis. 2013;(10):120-156. Code(s): Food Retail


Fagan J, MacDonald J. Policing, crime, and legitimacy in New York and Los Angeles: The social and political contexts of two historic crime declines. In Halle D, Beveridge DA, ed. New York and Los Angeles: The Uncertain Future. New York, NY: Oxford University Press; 2013:219-262. Code(s): Gentrification/Community Development

Filomena S, Scanlin K, Morland KB. Brooklyn, New York foodscape 2007-2011: a five-year analysis of stability in food retail environments. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. 2013;10:46. Code(s): Gentrification/Community Development

Fleischhacker SE, Evenson KR, Rodriguez DA, Ammerman AS. A systematic review of fast food access studies. Obesity Reviews. 2011;12(5):e460–e471. Code(s): Food Advertising and Marketing

Fleming-Milici F, Harris JL, Sarda V, Schwartz, MB. Amount of Hispanic youth Exposure to Food and Beverage Advertising on Spanish- and English-Language Television. JAMA Pediatr. 2013;167(8):723-730. Code(s): Food Advertising and Marketing

Food Desert Action Annual Report, 2012. 2012. Available at: https://media.wix.com/ugd/44ab20_f52946c4f34e0b4afaf699941ea42a84.pdf. Code(s): SNAP/Poverty/Food Benefits

Food Marketing: Current Status. F as in Fat: How obesity threatens America’s future Web Site. https://fasinfat.org/food-marketing/. Updated 2014. Code(s): Food Advertising and Marketing

Food Poverty in NYC. Food Bank for New York City Web Site. https://www.foodbanknyc.org/foodpoverty-in-nyc. Updated 2014. Code(s): SNAP/Poverty/Food Benefits

Food Research and Action Center. School Breakfast in America’s Big Cities: School Year 2010-2011. 2012. Available at: https://frac.org/pdf/urban_school_breakfast_report_2012.pdf. Code(s): School Food

Formoso D, Weber RN, Atkins MS. Gentrification and urban children’s well-being: tipping the scales from problems to promise. American Journal of Community Psychology. 2010;46(3-4): 395-412. Code(s): Gentrification/Community Development

Freudenberg N, Silver M and the Good Food Jobs Research Team. Jobs for a Healthier Diet and a Stronger Economy: Opportunities for Creating New Good Food Jobs in New York City. New York: New York City Food Policy Center at Hunter College, 2013. Available at: https://nycfoodpolicy.org. Code(s): Other


Galbraith-Emami S, Lobstein T. The impact of initiatives to limit the advertising of food and beverage products to children: a systematic review. Obes Rev. 2013;14(12):960-974. Code(s): Food Advertising and Marketing

Galvez  MP, Lu H, Choi E, Liao L, Godbold J, Brenner B. Childhood Obesity and Neighborhood Food Store Availability in an Inner City Community. Academic Pediatrics 2009; 9(5): 339–343. Code(s): East Harlem; Food Retail

Galvez MP, Morland K, Raines C,  Kobil J, Siskind J,  Godbold J , Brenner B. Race and Food Store Availability in an Inner-city Neighborhood: Public Health Nutrition 2008;11 (6): 624–631.  Code(s): East Harlem, Food Retail

Getlin J, Stringer S. Hunger in New York City: What Local Government Can Do. In: Pringle, P ed. A Place at the Table. 1st ed. New York, NY: Participant Media; 2013. Code(s): SNAP/Poverty/Food Benefits

Gonzalez M. Interactive food & beverage marketing: Targeting latino youth in the digital age. The Journal of Internationalisation and Localisation 2009;1. Code(s): School Food

Gonzalez S, Waley P. Traditional Retail Markets: The New Gentrification Frontier? Antipode. 2013; 45(4): 965–983. Code(s): Gentrification/Community Development

Gordon C, Ghai N, Purciel M, Talwalkar A, Goodman A. Eating Well in Harlem: How Available Is Healthy Food? NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. 2007. Code(s): East Harlem, Food Retail

Gordon C, Purciel-Hill M, Ghai NR, Kaufman L, Graham R, Van Wye G. Measuring food deserts in New York City’s low-income neighborhoods. Health Place. 2011;17(2):696-700. Code(s): Food Retail

Gottlieb R, Joshi A. Food Politics. In: Food Justice. 1st ed. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press; 2013:75-96. Code(s): Other

Grier SA, Kumanyika S. Targeted marketing and public health. Annual Review of Public Health. 2010;31(1):349-369. Code(s): Food Advertising and Marketing

Guthman J. “If They Only Knew”: Color Blindness and Universalism in California Alternative Food Institutions. The Professional Geographer. 2009; 60(3): 387–397. Code(s): Gentrification/Community Development


Harris J, Schwartz M, Brownell K. Sugary drink Facts: Evaluating sugary drink nutrition and marketing to youth. Yale Rudd Center for Food Policy & Obesity. 2011. Code(s): Food Advertising and Marketing

Harris J, Schwartz M, Munsell C. Fast food Facts 2013: Measuring progress in nutrition and marketing to children and teens. Yale Rudd Center for Food Policy & Obesity. 2013. Code(s): Food Advertising and Marketing

Hayne CL, Moran PA, Ford MM. Regulating environments to reduce obesity. Journal of Public Health Policy. 2004;25(3/4):391-407. Coed(s): Food Advertising and Marketing

Health of older adults in New York City Public Housing. New York City Housing Authority, Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. 2009. Available: https://www.nyc.gov/html/nycha/downloads/pdf/senior-report-nycha.pdf. Code(s): Other

Herman DR, Harrison GG, Afifi AA, Jenks E. Effect of a Targeted Subsidy on Intake of Fruits and Vegetables Among Low-Income Women in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children. American Journal of Public Health. 2008; 98(1):98-105. Code(s): Gentrification/Community Development

Hernandez JC. It’s a Hit: Breakfast in the Classroom. The New York Times. 2008. https://www.nytimes.com/2008/11/17/nyregion/17breakfast.html?_r=0. Code(s): School Food

Ho S. Food gentrification and culinary rebranding of traditional foods. Bitch Magazine. January 23, 2014. https://bitchmagazine.org/post/food-gentrification-and-culinary-rebranding-of-traditional-foods. Code(s): Gentrification/Community Development

Horowitz CR et al.  Barriers to Buying Healthy Foods for People With Diabetes: Evidence of Environmental Disparities. American Journal of Public Health: September 2004, Vol. 94, No. 9, pp. 1549-1554. Code(s): Food Retail

Horowitz CR et al. “A Model for Using Community-Based Participatory Research to Address the Diabetes Epidemic in East Harlem.” The Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine, New York  2008; 75 (1): 13–21.doi:10.1002/msj.20017. Codes: East Harlem, Gentrification/Community Development

Horowitz CR, Carol R.,Ives B. “Think Locally, Act Locally, Extend Globally: Diabetes Prevention Through Partnerships with Local Communities.” In Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes, 221–237. Springer. https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4614-3314-9_13, 2012. Code(s): Gentrification/Community Development, Other

How Food Gets Into New York and East Harlem, Ch 6: Food  Distribution and Transport Background Reading. Code(s): East Harlem

Huang R. Advertising, Food choices and obesity among Hispanic children. University of Connecticut College of Agriculture, Health and Natural Resources. Available at: https://www.are.uconn.edu/obesity.php. Code(s): Food Advertising and Marketing

Huynh M, Maroko AR. Gentrification and Preterm Birth in New York City, 2008–2010. Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine. 2013; 91(1): 211-219. Code(s): Gentrification/Community Development


Institute of Medicine. Food marketing to children and youth: Threat or opportunity? Washington, DC: National Academies Press; 2006. Code(s): Food Advertising and Marketing


Jenkin G, Madhvani N, Signal L, Bowers S. A systematic review of persuasive marketing techniques to promote food to children on television. Obes Rev. 2014; 15(4):281-293. Code(s): Food Advertising and Marketing

Jilcott Pitts SBJ et al. Farmers’ Market Use is Associated with Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in Diverse Southern Rural Communities. Nutrition Journal. 2014; 13: 1-11. https://www.nutrition.com/content/13/1/1. Code(s): Gentrification/Community Development


Kisch M. New Challenges for Her Fancy Footsteps.  The School Administrator. 2013;11(70):51. Code(s): School Food

Kolata G. Obesity Takes hold early in life, Study finds. New York Times. January 30, 2014. https://www.nyt imes.com/2014/01/30/science/obesity-takes-hold-early-in-life-study-finds.html?src=xps. Code(s): School Food

Kraak VI, Story M, Wartella EA, Ginter J. Industry progress to market a healthful diet to American children and adolescents. Am J Prev Med. 2011;41(3):322-33. Code(s): Food Advertising and Marketing

Kumanyika S, Grier SA. Targeting interventions for ethnic minority and low-income populations. The Future of Children. 2006;16(1):187-207. Code(s): Food Advertising and Marketing

Kunkel D, Mastro D, Ortiz M, McKinley C. Food marketing to children on U.S. Spanish-language television. J Health Commun. 2013;18(9):1084-96. Code(s): Food Advertising and Marketing


Lang T, Barling B, and Caraher, M. Defining Food Policy. In: Food Policy: Integrating Health, Environment, & Society. 1st ed. New York, Oxford University Press; 2009:21-64. Code(s): Other

Leos-Urbel J, Schwartz AE, Weinsteinc M, Corcoranc S. Not just for poor kids: The impact of universal free school breakfast on meal participation and student outcomes. Economics of Education Review. 2013: 36; 88-107. Code(s): School Food

Lunch4Learning NYC.  Campaign Documents. Lunch4 Learning Web Site. https://www.lunch4learningnyc.org/#!campaign-materials/c21kz. Code(s): School Food


Maantay J. Industrial Zoning Changes in New York City and Environmental Justice: A Case Study in “Expulsive” Zoning. Projections: the Planning Journal of Massachusetts Institute of Technology. 2002: 63-108. Code(s): Gentrification/Community Development

McClintock N. From Industrial Gardens to Food Deserts: Demarcated Devaluation in the Flatlands of Oakland, California. In Hope-Alkon AH, Agyeman J, ed Cultivating Food Justice: race, class, and sustainability. Massachusetts Institute of Technology; 2001: 89-120. Code(s): Gentrification/Community Development

Media Literacy Project. MLP’s guide to making a great counter ad.pdf. MLP Web Site. https://medialiteracyproject.org/sites/default/files/MLP’s%20Guide%20to%20Making%20a%20Great%20Counter%20Ad.pdf. Code(s): Food Advertising and Marketing

Melnik T, Rhoades SJ, Wales KR, Catherine C, Wolfe W. Food consumption patterns of schoolchildren in New York City. Journal of the American Dietetic Association. 1998; 98: 159-164. Code(s): School Food

Mexican East Harlem Digital Archive. Essay: Finding Mexican East Harlem. MEHDA Web Site. https://opencuny.org/mehda/essay-finding-mexican-east-harlem/. Code(s): East Harlem

Mills SD, Tanner LM, Adams J. Systematic literature review of the effects of food and drink advertising on food and drink-related behaviour, attitudes and beliefs in adult populations. Obes Rev. 2013;14(4):303-14. Code(s): Food Advertising and Marketing

Moorman C. The Effects of Stimulus, Consumer Characteristics on the Utilization of Nutrition Information. Journal of Consumer Research. 1990; 17(3): 362-374. Code(s): Food Advertising and Marketing

Moss J. On Spike Lee and Hyper-Gentrification. Portside. March 5, 2014. https://portside.org/print/2014-03-05/spike-lee-and-hyper-gentrification. Code(s): Gentrification/Community Development, East Harlem


Nestle M. Food marketing and childhood obesity — A matter of policy. New England Journal of Medicine. 2006;354(24):2527-2529. Code(s): Food Advertising and Marketing

New York City Coalition Against Hunger. Support Food Secure New York 2018. NYCCAH Web Site. https://nyccah.org/foodsecurenyc2018. Updated 2014. Code(s): SNAP/Poverty/Food Benefits

New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. Harlem Community Resource Guide. NYC DOHMH Web Site. https://www.nyc.gov/html/doh/downloads/pdf/dc/east-harlem-resource-guide.pdf. Updated 2012. Code(s): SNAP/Poverty/Food Benefits

New York City Food Forum. A Primer for our New Mayor. Code(s): School Food, SNAP/Poverty/Food Benefits, Other

New York State Profile, Resources and Policies. National Farm to School Network Web Site. https://www.farmtoschool.org/our-network/new-york. Updated 2014. Code(s) School Food

Newman K, Wyly EK. The Right to Stay Put, Revisited: Gentrification and Resistance to Displacement in New York City. Urban Studies. 2006; 43(1): 23-57. Code(s): Gentrification/Community Development

Nord, M, Andrews M, Carlson S. Household food security in the United States, 2007. Economic Research Service, US Department of Agriculture Web Site. https://www.ers.usda.gov/publications/erreconomic-research-report/err66.aspx#.U3GuAvldWAg. Updated May, 2012. Code(s): SNAP/Poverty/Food Benefits

Nurul-Fadhilah A, Teo PS, Huybrechts I, Foo LH. Infrequent Breakfast Consumption Is Associated with Higher Body Adiposity and Abdominal Obesity in Malaysian School-Aged Adolescents. PLoS ONE. 2013; 8(3); e59297. Code(s): School Food

Nutrition Consortium of NYS. Academics and Breakfast Connection Pilot: Final Report on New York’s Classroom Breakfast Project. Food Research & Action Center Website. No Date. https://frac.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/10/bic_ny_final_report.pdf. Code(s): School Food

NY1 News. As demand increases, East Harlem pantry uses high tech gadgets to help feed hungry. New York News 1. January 12, 2014. https://www.ny1.com/content/news/201745/as-demand-increases–east-harlem-pantry-uses-high-tech-gadgets-to-help-feed-hungry. Code(s): SNAP/Poverty/Food Benefits

Nyberg K, Ramirez A, Gallion K. Salud america: Influence of media on overweight and obesity among Latino youth. The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Research Network to Prevent Obesity Among Latino Children. 2011. Available at: https://www.rwjf.org/content/dam/web-assets/2011/12/physical-activity–overweight-and-obesity-among-latino-youth. Code(s): Food Advertising and Marketing


Office of Councilmember Gale Brewer. Westside senior supported agriculture food bag program: Review and recommendations. 2013. https://council.nyc.gov/d6/docs/Press%20Releases/2013%20Releases/Brewer%20WSSA%20Food%20Bag%20Report%20February%202013.pdf. Code(s): SNAP/Poverty/Food Benefits

Ogden CL, Kit BK, Carroll MD, Park S. Consumption of sugar drinks in the united states, 2005-2008. NCHS Data Brief. 2011(71). Code(s): Food Advertising and Marketing

Oliveira V, Tiehen L, Ploeg, M. USDA’s Food Assistance Programs: Legacies of the War on Poverty. Economic Research Service, US Department of Agriculture. February 03, 2014. https://www.ers.usda.gov/amber-waves/2014-januaryfebruary/usda%E2%80%99s-foodassistance-programs-legacies-of-the-war-on-poverty.aspx#.U2prZaPD91O. Code(s): SNAP/Poverty/Food Benefits

Olson EC, Van Wye G, Kerker B, Thorpe L, Frieden TR. Take Care East Harlem. NYC Community Health Profiles, Second Edition. 2006:1-16. Code(s): East Harlem

Olsta J. Bringing Breakfast to Our Students: A Program to Increase School Breakfast Participation. Journal of School Nursing. 2013: 29(4); 263-270. Code(s): School Food


Parikh P et al. “Results of a Pilot Diabetes Prevention Intervention in East Harlem, New York City: Project HEED.” American Journal of Public Health 2010; 100 Suppl 1 (April 1): S232–239. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2009.170910. Codes: East Harlem

Patel R. Stuffed & starved. Brooklyn, NY: Melville House;2007. Code(s): SNAP/Poverty/Food Benefits

Perez RL, Audant B. Livin La Vida Sabrosa  in Gastropolis, Food and New York City. Hauck-Lawson A, Deutsch J, eds. New York: Columbia University Press, 2009,   pp 209-229. Code(s): Gentrification/Community Development, Food Retail

Perlman SE, Nonas C, Lindstrom LL, Choe-Castillo J, McKie H, Alberti PM. A menu for health: Changes to New York City School Food 2001 to 2011. Journal of School Health. 20012; 82(10): 484-491. Code(s): School Food

Pi-Sunyer F X. The Obesity Epidemic: Pathophysiology and Consequences of Obesity. Obesity Research. 2002;10: 97S–104S. Code(s): SNAP/Poverty/Food Benefits

PlaNYC. New York City Food Policy:  2013 Metrics Report. 2013. Available at: https://www.nyc.gov/html/nycfood/downloads/pdf/ll52-food-metrics-report-2013.pdf. Code(s): Other

Poppendieck J, Dwyer JC. Hungry City. In: Hauck-Lawson A, Deutsch J ed. Gastropolis: Food and New York City. 1st ed. New York, NY: Columbia University Press; 2009. Code(s): SNAP/Poverty/Food Benefits

Poppendieck J. School Food 101. In: Free for All. 1st ed. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press; 2010:26-45. Code(s): School Food

Poppendieck J. The ABCs of School Lunch. In Pringle P ed. A Place at the Table. Participant Media; 2013: 123-134. Code(s): School Food

Porter, KJ. Bringing Nutrition Education Programs from Outside Sources into the Classroom: The Experience of New York City Public Elementary Schools. Columbia University. 2013. Available at: https://academiccommons.columbia.edu/catalog/ac%3A162002. Code(s) School Food

Pothukuchi K, Kaufman JL. Placing the food system on the urban agenda: The role of municipal institutions in food systems planning. Agriculture and Human Values 1999;16(2):213-224. Code(s): Other

Public Plate Report Working Group. Executive Summary: The Public Plate in New York City: A Guide to Institutional Meals. New York City Food Policy Center at Hunter College, 2014. Available at https://nycfoodpolicy.org/research. Code(s): School Food

Public Plate Report Working Group. The Public Plate in New York City: A Guide to Institutional Meals. New York City Food Policy Center at Hunter College, 2014. Available at https://nycfoodpolicy.org/research. Code(s): School Food, Other


Ralston K, Newman C, Clauson A, Guthrie J and Buzby J. The National School Lunch Program, Background, Trends and Issues.  USDA Economic Research Service, ERR-61. 2008. Available at: https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED502404.pdf. Code(s): School Food

Ramsey R, Giskes K, Turrell G, Gallegos D. Food insecurity among adults residing in disadvantaged urban areas: potential health and dietary consequences. Public Health Nutr. 2012;15(2): 227-237. Code(s): SNAP/Poverty/Food Benefits

Reddan J, Wahlstrom K, Reicks M. Children’s Perceived Benefits and Barriers in Relation to Eating Breakfast in schools With or Without Universal School Breakfast. JNEB. 2002: 34; 47-52. Codes: School Food

Restaurant Opportunities Centers United. High Road Employers. ROC United Web Site. https://rocunited.org/our-work/high-road/. Updated 2014. Code(s): Other

Rules would limit marketing of unhealthy foods in schools. CBS News. February 25, 2014. Available at: https://www.cbsnews.com/news/rules-would-limit-marketing-of-unhealthy-foods-in-schools/. Codes: Food Advertising and Marketing

Rundle A et al. Neighborhood food environment and walkability predict obesity in New York City Environ Health Perspect. 2008; 117(3): 442–447. Code(s): Gentrification/Community Development


Safron M, Cislak A, Gaspar T, Luszczynska A. Micro-environmental characteristics related to body weight, diet, and physical activity of children and adolescents: a systematic umbrella review. Int J Environ Health Res. 2011;21(5):317-30. Code(s): Gentrification/Community Development

Samuelsson M. Is Harlem “good” now? New York Times. February 15, 2014. Available at: https://www.nytimes.com/2014/02/16/opinion/sunday/is-harlem-good-now.html?emc=eta1&_r=0. Code(s): East Harlem, Gentrification/Community Development

Scaglione F. Farm Bill threatens SNAP as emergency food programs suffer. New York Non-Profit Press. 2012; 11(9). https://www.nynp.biz/index.php/this-months-feature/12087-farm-bill-threatenssnap-as-emergency-food-programs-suffer. Code(s): SNAP/Poverty/Food Benefits

Scattergood A, La Marqueta: Examining the Retail Landscape of East Harlem. New York: Columbia University, pp. 4-36. Code(s): East Harlem, Food Retail

Simon M. Food Stamps: Follow the Money. 2012. Available at: https://www.eatdrinkpolitics.com/wp-content/uploads/FoodStampsFollowtheMoneySimon.pdf. Code(s): SNAP/Poverty/Food Benefits

Smith N. Gentrification, the frontier, and the restructuring of urban space. In Smith N Williams P, eds. Gentrification of the city. New York, NY: Routledge; 1986:257. Code(s): Gentrification/Community Development

Stark JH, Neckerman K, Lovasi GS, et al. Neighbourhood food environments and body mass index among new york city adults. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2013;67(9):736-742. Code(s): Food Retail

Story M, French S. Food advertising and marketing directed at children and adolescents in the US. 2004;1(1):3. https://www.ijbnpa.org/content/1/1/3. Code(s): Food Advertising and Marketing

Sullivan DM, Shaw SC. Retail Gentrification and Race: The Case of Alberta Street in Portland, Oregon. Urban Affairs Review. 2011; 47(3): 413-432. Code(s): Gentrification/Community Development


Teaching the food system: A project of the Johns Hopkins Center for a Livable Future. Food Distribution and Trasport. Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Web Site. https://www.jhsph.edu/research/centers-and-institutes/teaching-the-food-system/curriculum/_pdf/Distribution_and_Transport-Background.pdf. Updated 2010. Accessed April 2014. Code(s): Other

The Downturn Upturn: The Impact of the Recession on East Harlem. Macaulay Honors College Web Site. https://macaulay.cuny.edu/eportfolios/foner10/gentrification. Code(s): Gentrification/Community Development

Thompson DA, Flores G, Ebel BE, Christakis DA. Comida en venta: After-school advertising on Spanish-language television in the United States. J Pediatr. 2008 Apr;152(4):576-81. Code(s): Food Advertising and Marketing

Thompson DA, Flores G, Ebel BE, Christakis DA. Comida en venta: After-school advertising on spanish-language television in the united states. The Journal of Pediatrics. 2008;152(4):576-581. Code(s): Food Advertising and Marketing

Tozzi J. Food Startups Rise in a Kitchen Incubator in East Harlem. Bloomberg Business Week. June 21, 2013. https://www.businessweek.com/articles/2013-06-21/food-startups-rise-at-a-kitchen-incubator-in-east-harlem. Code(s): East Harlem, Food Retail, Gentrification/Community Development


Van Wye G, Seoh H, Adjoian T, Dowell D. Evaluation of the New York City Breakfast in the Classroom Program.  Am J Public Health. 2013;103(10):e59-e64. Code(s): School Food

Ver Ploeg M, Breneman V, Farrigan T, et al. Access to Affordable and Nutritious Food: Measuring and Understanding Food Deserts and Their Consequences. https://www.ers.usda.gov/Publications/AP/AP036/AP036e.pdf. Updated May 26, 2012. Code(s): SNAP/Poverty/Food Benefits

Viladrich, A. Yeh, M-C. The Uncanny Power of Emotional Bonds: Exploring the Role of Nostalgic Foods in Latinas’ Eating Behaviors and Health. In C. Wilson & M. Morree, ed. Vegetable consumption and Health: New Research. Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers, 2012. Code(s): Food Gentrification/Community Development


Wechsler H, Basch CE, Zybert P, Shea S. Promoting the Selection of Low-Fat Milk in Elementary School Cafeterias in an Inner-City Latino Community: Evaluation of an Intervention. American Journal of Public Health. 1998: 88(3); 427-433. Code(s): School Food

Weiss L. Harlem’s 125th Street Re-energized.  New York Post. December 10. 2013. https://nypost.com/2013/12/10/harlems-125th-st-reenergized-with-new-developments/. Code(s): Gentrification/Community Development

Welsh S, Grellinger V. Consumption of added sugars is decreasing in the United States. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2011;94(3):726-734. Code(s): Food Advertising and Marketing

Whalen E, Seserman M. Looking for an Oasis in a Food Desert: Low Income New Yorkers Lack Access to Healthy Food. American Cancer Society. 2011. Available at: https://www.cancer.org/acs/groups/content/@eastern/documents/webcontent/acspc-031472.pdf. Code(s): SNAP/Poverty/Food Benefits

Woodward-Lopez G, Kao J, Ritchie L. To what extent have sweetened beverages contributed to the obesity epidemic? Public Health Nutrition. 2010;14(03):499-509. Code(s): Food Advertising and Marketing

Worobey HS, Worobey J. Efficacy of preschool breakfast program in reducing refined sugar intake. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition. 1999: 50; 391-397. Code(s): School Food

Wu HW, Sturm R. What’s on the menu? A review of the energy and nutritional content of US chain restaurant menus. Public Health Nutr. 2013; 16(1):87-96. Code(s): Food Advertising and Marketing


Yancey AK, Cole BL, Brown R, et al. A cross-sectional prevalence study of ethnically targeted and general audience outdoor obesity-related advertising. Milbank Quarterly. 2009;87(1):155–184. Code(s): Food Adverstising and Marketing

Yeebo Y. East Harlem children learn to shop for healthy food. DNAinfo New York. October 28, 2010. https://www.dnainfo.com/new-york/20101028/harlem/east-harlem-children-learn-shop-for-healthy-food-at-afterschool-program. Code(s): Food Advertising and Marketing; Food Retail



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