Safe Street Food, Bangladesh: Urban Food Policy Snapshot

by Cameron St. Germain

Policy name: Kamala Carts

Location: Dhaka, Bangladesh

Population: 14.54 million

Food policy category: Food safety

Program goals:

  • Reduce high levels of bacterial contamination in street food

Program initiation

  • The safe food cart initiative is part of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) program, Improving Food Safety in Bangladesh, which was started in 2012.
  • The program is run by the FAO in partnership with the Netherlands government and the Dhaka North City Corporation (DNCC) and Dhaka South City Corporation (DSCC).

How it works

Street vendors can purchase a sanitary food cart, called a Kamala cart, from the program for $570, after they have passed physical and mental fitness tests and completed basic hygiene training.

The hygiene training teaches street vendors how to prepare food in a way that minimizes the risk of bacterial contamination. Instructions include: Do not mix cooked food with raw, use hand sanitizer after touching money, and only prepare food in an area that is covered, not in the open air.

When a vendor has completed the hygiene training, he can purchase the Kamala cart, which is designed with an enclosed space for safe food preparation. All the carts are orange (kamala is actually the bengali word for orange), and they indicate to customers that the chef practices good hygiene.

Progress to date

The Kamala carts are in such high demand that they are now being distributed “on a competitive basis,” according to Saleh Bhuiyan, chief health officer of DNCC. Kamala cart owners usually have to increase their prices in order to make a return on the money they invested in the cart. But owners say they are serving more customers, and the customers do not mind paying a higher price for food that is prepared more hygienically.

Kamala carts have expanded outside of Dhaka to other cities, including Khulna. Other venders are also starting to copy the model of the kamala cart program on their own.

Why the program is important

In 2015, scientists discovered that about half of street food served in Dhaka is contaminated with bacteria that cause diarrhea. The contamination is due to dirty water and air as well as poor hygiene practices. Street food can also carry bacteria that cause dangerous infections, such as cholera, shigellosis, typhoid.

Many people rely on street carts for food, particularly in the slums of Bangladesh cities, because the food is cheap and convenient. Making street food more hygenic will cut down on the spread of pathogens in Bangladesh’s poorest areas.


Aliya Naheed, a scientist and head of Initiative for Non-communicable Diseases at a Dhaka-based international public health research institute, has conducted food safety tests since the kamala carts were introduced and says there has been a “satisfactory” reduction in the level of contamination in street food.

Learn more

Point of contact


Similar practices

  • In 2011, Vietnam adopted a food safety law that contained specific rules for street food preparation. Street vendors are now required to keep their stalls away from polluted areas and only use clean water for cooking and cleaning, among other rules.
  • In 1989, Thailand launched the Clean Food, Good Taste project, which aimed to reduce foodborne pathogens in food served by restaurants and street vendors.


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